Randomized, placebo-controlled phase 2 trial of a lactobacillus crispatus probiotic given intravaginally for prevention of recurrent urinary tract infection

Ann E. Stapleton, Melissa Au-Yeung, Thomas M. Hooton, David N. Fredricks, Pacita L. Roberts, Christopher A. Czaja, Yuliya Yarova-Yarovaya, Tina Fiedler, Marsha Cox, Walter E. Stamm

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204 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common among women and frequently recur. Depletion of vaginal lactobacilli is associated with UTI risk, which suggests that repletion may be beneficial. We conducted a double-blind placebo-controlled trial of a Lactobacillus crispatus intravaginal suppository probiotic (Lactin-V; Osel) for prevention of recurrent UTI in premenopausal women. Methods. One hundred young women with a history of recurrent UTI received antimicrobials for acute UTI and then were randomized to receive either Lactin-V or placebo daily for 5 d, then once weekly for 10 weeks. Participants were followed up at 1 week and 10 weeks after intervention and for UTIs; urine samples for culture and vaginal swabs for real-time quantitative 16S ribosomal RNA gene polymerase chain reaction for L. crispatus were collected. Results. Recurrent UTI occurred in 7/48 15% of women receiving Lactin-V compared with 13/48 27% of women receiving placebo (relative risk [RR],. 5; 95% confidence interval,. 2-1.2). High-level vaginal colonization with L. crispatus (≥106 16S RNA gene copies per swab) throughout follow-up was associated with a significant reduction in recurrent UTI only for Lactin-V (RR for Lactin-V,. 07; RR for placebo, 1.1; P <. 01). Conclusions. Lactin-V after treatment for cystitis is associated with a reduction in recurrent UTI. Larger efficacy trials of this novel preventive method for recurrent UTI are warranted. Clinical Trials Registration. NCT00305227.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1212-1217
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume52
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Stapleton, A. E., Au-Yeung, M., Hooton, T. M., Fredricks, D. N., Roberts, P. L., Czaja, C. A., Yarova-Yarovaya, Y., Fiedler, T., Cox, M., & Stamm, W. E. (2011). Randomized, placebo-controlled phase 2 trial of a lactobacillus crispatus probiotic given intravaginally for prevention of recurrent urinary tract infection. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 52(10), 1212-1217. https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/cir183