Randomized, controlled pilot trial of solifenacin succinate for overactive bladder in Parkinson's disease

Non-Motor Working Group of the Parkinson Study Group (PSG)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of solifenacin succinate in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients suffering from overactive bladder (OAB). Background: Urinary dysfunction is a commonly encountered non-motor feature in PD that significantly impacts patient quality of life. Design/methods: This was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, 3-site study with an open label extension phase to determine the efficacy of solifenacin succinate in idiopathic PD patients with OAB. Patients were randomized to receive solifenacin succinate 5-10mg daily or placebo for 12 weeks followed by an 8-week open label extension. The primary outcome measure was the change in the mean number of micturitions per 24h period. Secondary outcome measures included the change in the mean number of urinary incontinence episodes and the mean number of nocturia episodes. Results: Twenty-three patients were randomized in the study. There was no significant improvement in the primary outcome measure in the double-blind phase, but there was an improvement in the number of micturitions per 24h period in the solifenacin succinate group compared to placebo at a mean dose of 6mg/day (p=0.01). In the open label phase, the mean number of urinary incontinence episodes per 24h period decreased (p=0.03), as did the number of nocturia episodes per 24h period (p=0.01). Adverse events included constipation and xerostomia, which resolved after treatment was discontinued. Conclusions: In this pilot trial, solifenacin succinate treatment led to an improvement in urinary incontinence, despite persistence in other OAB symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)514-520
Number of pages7
JournalParkinsonism and Related Disorders
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2015



  • Non-motor symptoms
  • Overactive bladder
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Solifenacin succinate
  • Urinary incontinence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

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