Randomized clinical trial of treatments for symptomatic convergence insufficiency in children

Mitchell Scheiman, Susan Cotter, G. Lynn Mitchell, Marjean Kulp, Michael Rouse, Richard Hertle, Maryann Redford, Jeffrey Cooper, Rachel Coulter, Michael Gallaway, David Granet, Kristine Hopkins, Brian G. Mohney, Susanna Tamkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

108 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To compare home-based pencil push-ups (HBPP), home-based computer vergence/accommodative therapy and pencil push-ups (HBCVAT+), office-based vergence/accommodative therapy with home reinforcement (OBVAT), and office-based placebo therapy with home reinforcement (OBPT) as treatments for symptomatic convergence insufficiency. Methods: In a randomized clinical trial, 221 children aged 9 to 17 years with symptomatic convergence insufficiency were assigned to 1 of 4 treatments. Main Outcome Measures: Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey score after 12 weeks of treatment. Secondary outcomes were near point of convergence and positive fusional vergence at near. Results: After 12 weeks of treatment, the OBVAT group's mean Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey score (15.1) was statistically significantly lower than those of 21.3, 24.7, and 21.9 in the HBCVAT+, HBPP, and OBPT groups, respectively (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1336-1349
Number of pages14
JournalArchives of Ophthalmology
Volume126
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Ocular Motility Disorders
Randomized Controlled Trials
Therapeutics
Group Homes
Placebos
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Scheiman, M., Cotter, S., Mitchell, G. L., Kulp, M., Rouse, M., Hertle, R., ... Tamkins, S. (2008). Randomized clinical trial of treatments for symptomatic convergence insufficiency in children. Archives of Ophthalmology, 126(10), 1336-1349. https://doi.org/10.1001/archopht.126.10.1336

Randomized clinical trial of treatments for symptomatic convergence insufficiency in children. / Scheiman, Mitchell; Cotter, Susan; Mitchell, G. Lynn; Kulp, Marjean; Rouse, Michael; Hertle, Richard; Redford, Maryann; Cooper, Jeffrey; Coulter, Rachel; Gallaway, Michael; Granet, David; Hopkins, Kristine; Mohney, Brian G.; Tamkins, Susanna.

In: Archives of Ophthalmology, Vol. 126, No. 10, 10.2008, p. 1336-1349.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Scheiman, M, Cotter, S, Mitchell, GL, Kulp, M, Rouse, M, Hertle, R, Redford, M, Cooper, J, Coulter, R, Gallaway, M, Granet, D, Hopkins, K, Mohney, BG & Tamkins, S 2008, 'Randomized clinical trial of treatments for symptomatic convergence insufficiency in children', Archives of Ophthalmology, vol. 126, no. 10, pp. 1336-1349. https://doi.org/10.1001/archopht.126.10.1336
Scheiman, Mitchell ; Cotter, Susan ; Mitchell, G. Lynn ; Kulp, Marjean ; Rouse, Michael ; Hertle, Richard ; Redford, Maryann ; Cooper, Jeffrey ; Coulter, Rachel ; Gallaway, Michael ; Granet, David ; Hopkins, Kristine ; Mohney, Brian G. ; Tamkins, Susanna. / Randomized clinical trial of treatments for symptomatic convergence insufficiency in children. In: Archives of Ophthalmology. 2008 ; Vol. 126, No. 10. pp. 1336-1349.
@article{105d737d1f31492a80d60bc32f07fc76,
title = "Randomized clinical trial of treatments for symptomatic convergence insufficiency in children",
abstract = "Objective: To compare home-based pencil push-ups (HBPP), home-based computer vergence/accommodative therapy and pencil push-ups (HBCVAT+), office-based vergence/accommodative therapy with home reinforcement (OBVAT), and office-based placebo therapy with home reinforcement (OBPT) as treatments for symptomatic convergence insufficiency. Methods: In a randomized clinical trial, 221 children aged 9 to 17 years with symptomatic convergence insufficiency were assigned to 1 of 4 treatments. Main Outcome Measures: Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey score after 12 weeks of treatment. Secondary outcomes were near point of convergence and positive fusional vergence at near. Results: After 12 weeks of treatment, the OBVAT group's mean Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey score (15.1) was statistically significantly lower than those of 21.3, 24.7, and 21.9 in the HBCVAT+, HBPP, and OBPT groups, respectively (P",
author = "Mitchell Scheiman and Susan Cotter and Mitchell, {G. Lynn} and Marjean Kulp and Michael Rouse and Richard Hertle and Maryann Redford and Jeffrey Cooper and Rachel Coulter and Michael Gallaway and David Granet and Kristine Hopkins and Mohney, {Brian G.} and Susanna Tamkins",
year = "2008",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1001/archopht.126.10.1336",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "126",
pages = "1336--1349",
journal = "JAMA Ophthalmology",
issn = "2168-6165",
publisher = "American Medical Association",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Randomized clinical trial of treatments for symptomatic convergence insufficiency in children

AU - Scheiman, Mitchell

AU - Cotter, Susan

AU - Mitchell, G. Lynn

AU - Kulp, Marjean

AU - Rouse, Michael

AU - Hertle, Richard

AU - Redford, Maryann

AU - Cooper, Jeffrey

AU - Coulter, Rachel

AU - Gallaway, Michael

AU - Granet, David

AU - Hopkins, Kristine

AU - Mohney, Brian G.

AU - Tamkins, Susanna

PY - 2008/10

Y1 - 2008/10

N2 - Objective: To compare home-based pencil push-ups (HBPP), home-based computer vergence/accommodative therapy and pencil push-ups (HBCVAT+), office-based vergence/accommodative therapy with home reinforcement (OBVAT), and office-based placebo therapy with home reinforcement (OBPT) as treatments for symptomatic convergence insufficiency. Methods: In a randomized clinical trial, 221 children aged 9 to 17 years with symptomatic convergence insufficiency were assigned to 1 of 4 treatments. Main Outcome Measures: Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey score after 12 weeks of treatment. Secondary outcomes were near point of convergence and positive fusional vergence at near. Results: After 12 weeks of treatment, the OBVAT group's mean Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey score (15.1) was statistically significantly lower than those of 21.3, 24.7, and 21.9 in the HBCVAT+, HBPP, and OBPT groups, respectively (P

AB - Objective: To compare home-based pencil push-ups (HBPP), home-based computer vergence/accommodative therapy and pencil push-ups (HBCVAT+), office-based vergence/accommodative therapy with home reinforcement (OBVAT), and office-based placebo therapy with home reinforcement (OBPT) as treatments for symptomatic convergence insufficiency. Methods: In a randomized clinical trial, 221 children aged 9 to 17 years with symptomatic convergence insufficiency were assigned to 1 of 4 treatments. Main Outcome Measures: Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey score after 12 weeks of treatment. Secondary outcomes were near point of convergence and positive fusional vergence at near. Results: After 12 weeks of treatment, the OBVAT group's mean Convergence Insufficiency Symptom Survey score (15.1) was statistically significantly lower than those of 21.3, 24.7, and 21.9 in the HBCVAT+, HBPP, and OBPT groups, respectively (P

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=54049104939&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=54049104939&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1001/archopht.126.10.1336

DO - 10.1001/archopht.126.10.1336

M3 - Article

C2 - 18852411

AN - SCOPUS:54049104939

VL - 126

SP - 1336

EP - 1349

JO - JAMA Ophthalmology

JF - JAMA Ophthalmology

SN - 2168-6165

IS - 10

ER -