RAGE, the multiligand receptor of the immunoglobulin superfamily of cell surface molecules, is implicated in innate and adaptive immunity. Complement component C1q serves roles in complement activation and antibody-independent opsonization. Using soluble forms of RAGE (sRAGE) and RAGE-expressing cells, we determined that RAGE is a native C1q globular domain receptor. Direct C1q-sRAGE interaction was demonstrated with surface plasmon resonance (SPR), with minimum K d 5.6μM, and stronger binding affinity seen in ELISA-like experiments involving multivalent binding. Pull-down experiments suggested formation of a receptor complex of RAGE and Mac-1 to further enhance affinity for C1q. C1q induced U937 cell adhesion and phagocytosis was inhibited by antibodies to RAGE or Mac-1. These data link C1q and RAGE to the recruitment of leukocytes and phagocytosis of C1q-coated material.
- Adhesion molecules
ASJC Scopus subject areas