Radiographic evaluation of AIDS patients

S. D. Le Blang, M. L. Witheman, M. J.D. Post, J. V. Casillas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Morphological imaging, based on the use of various techniques including ultrasound, X-ray computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), plays an important role in the characterization, diagnosis and follow-up of patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). While the presence of thoracic infections, the most frequently observed illnesses in AIDS patients, can best be performed by using conventional chest films and CT, the assessment of cerebral involvement in AIDS patients-characterized by the presence of focal masses, demyelination, meningitis, and infarction is best achieved using MRI. The work-up of patients with gastrointestinal symptoms should include the use of ultrasound for the evaluation of visceral involvement and lymphadenopathy, completed by CT to further characterize pathologic conditions in either the bowel or visceral organs. Ultrasound is the screening exam of choice in AIDS patients with suspected renal disease, but other methods may be necessary for the assessment of the complications due to pharmacological treatment. Musculoskeletal complications may require the combined use of all the above methods, since they may be caused by infections, tumors and rheumatologic illness. The use of the radiographic methods for the detection of the numerous forms of infections and malignancies in AIDS patients is described in detail for the various body districts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)187-200
Number of pages14
JournalQuarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume39
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • radionuclide imaging
  • ultrasonics
  • X-ray computed tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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    Le Blang, S. D., Witheman, M. L., Post, M. J. D., & Casillas, J. V. (1995). Radiographic evaluation of AIDS patients. Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 39(3), 187-200.