Objectives. The current study reviews the safety and efficacy of radiofrequency catheter ablation for the treatment of right ventricular outflow tachycardia in children and adolescents and describes a modified method for mapping the tachycardia focus. Background. Although radiofrequency catheter ablation has proved highly effective for the treatment of supraventricular tachycardia during childhood and adolescence, its application in children with idiopathic right ventricular outflow tachycardia has been limited. Methods. Six children (mean [±SD] age 10.6 ± 2.4 years, range 6 to 16) with right ventricular outflow tachycardia underwent seven radiofrequency catheter ablation procedures. The mean tachycardia cycle length was 323 ± 24 ms (range 300 to 360). Two multipolar catheters were positioned in the right ventricular outflow tract to map the tachycardia focus. Results. Radiofrequency catheter ablation was successful in five (83%) of the six children (95% confidence interval 36% to 99%). At successful ablation sites, local endocardial activation times preceded the surface QRS onset by 46 ± 5 ms (range 37 to 57), and there was concordance of the 12-lead pace map and the electrocardiogram (ECG) in 11 (one patient) to 12 ECG leads (four patients). One patient developed complete right bundle branch block during radiofrequency catheter ablation. There were no additional complications and no clinical recurrences over a mean follow-up period of 12.7 ± 3.8 months (range 9 to 22). Conclusions. These results suggest that radiofrequency catheter ablation is a safe and effective treatment for right ventricular outflow tachycardia during childhood and adolescence. In addition, tachycardia mapping may be enhanced by use of a multipolar right ventricular outflow catheter technique.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine