Radiofrequency ablation of pulmonary tumors

Laura Crocetti, Riccardo Lencioni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

The development of image-guided percutaneous techniques for local tumor ablation has been one of the major advances in the treatment of solid tumors. Among these methods, radiofrequency (RF) ablation is currently established as the primary ablative modality at most institutions. RF ablation is accepted as the best therapeutic choice for patients with early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma when liver transplantation or surgical resection are not suitable options and is considered as a viable alternate to surgery for inoperable patients with limited hepatic metastatic disease, especially from colorectal cancer. Recently, RF ablation has been demonstrated to be a safe and valuable treatment option for patients with unresectable or medically inoperable lung malignancies. Resection should remain the standard therapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) but RF ablation may be better than conventional external-beam radiation for the treatment of the high-risk individual with NSCLC. Initial favourable outcomes encourage combining radiotherapy and RF ablation, especially for treating larger tumors. In the setting of colorectal cancer lung metastases, survival rates provided by RF ablation in selected patients, are substantially higher than those obtained with any chemotherapy regimens and provide indirect evidence that RF ablation therapy improves survival in patients with limited lung metastatic disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-27
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Radiology
Volume75
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2010

Keywords

  • Ablation
  • Lung cancer
  • Radiofrequency
  • Solid tumor
  • Therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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