Racial effects on the clinical presentation of alcoholics at a psychiatric hospital

Jack R. Cornelius, Horacio Fabrega, Marie D. Cornelius, Juan Mezzich, Patrick J. Maher, Ihsan M. Salloum, Michael E. Thase, Richard F. Ulrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite the clinical importance of race effects on comorbidity and symptom patterns in recent community studies, little is known about such effects in various treatment facilities. This study evaluated the effect of race on the clinical profile of 604 alcoholics who presented for initial evaluation and treatment at a psychiatric hospital. The factor that most strongly distinguished the racial groups was socioeconomic status (SES). After controlling for SES and other factors, no significant difference was noted between ethnic groups in the prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) or antisocial personality disorder. However, after controlling for SES and other factors, alcohol and drug use were more severe in African-American alcoholics, along with four symptoms associated with alcohol and drug use. In contrast, reversed neurovegetative symptoms, anxiety-related symptoms, and some personality-related symptoms were more severe in white alcoholics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)102-108
Number of pages7
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Cornelius, J. R., Fabrega, H., Cornelius, M. D., Mezzich, J., Maher, P. J., Salloum, I. M., Thase, M. E., & Ulrich, R. F. (1996). Racial effects on the clinical presentation of alcoholics at a psychiatric hospital. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 37(2), 102-108. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0010-440X(96)90569-6