Racial effects on the clinical presentation of alcoholics at a psychiatric hospital

Jack R. Cornelius, Horacio Fabrega, Marie D. Cornelius, Juan Mezzich, Patrick J. Maher, Ihsan M Salloum, Michael E. Thase, Richard F. Ulrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite the clinical importance of race effects on comorbidity and symptom patterns in recent community studies, little is known about such effects in various treatment facilities. This study evaluated the effect of race on the clinical profile of 604 alcoholics who presented for initial evaluation and treatment at a psychiatric hospital. The factor that most strongly distinguished the racial groups was socioeconomic status (SES). After controlling for SES and other factors, no significant difference was noted between ethnic groups in the prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) or antisocial personality disorder. However, after controlling for SES and other factors, alcohol and drug use were more severe in African-American alcoholics, along with four symptoms associated with alcohol and drug use. In contrast, reversed neurovegetative symptoms, anxiety-related symptoms, and some personality-related symptoms were more severe in white alcoholics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-108
Number of pages7
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 19 1996
Externally publishedYes

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Psychiatric Hospitals
Alcoholics
Social Class
Alcohols
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Major Depressive Disorder
Ethnic Groups
Pharmaceutical Preparations
African Americans
Personality
Comorbidity
Anxiety
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Cornelius, J. R., Fabrega, H., Cornelius, M. D., Mezzich, J., Maher, P. J., Salloum, I. M., ... Ulrich, R. F. (1996). Racial effects on the clinical presentation of alcoholics at a psychiatric hospital. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 37(2), 102-108. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0010-440X(96)90569-6

Racial effects on the clinical presentation of alcoholics at a psychiatric hospital. / Cornelius, Jack R.; Fabrega, Horacio; Cornelius, Marie D.; Mezzich, Juan; Maher, Patrick J.; Salloum, Ihsan M; Thase, Michael E.; Ulrich, Richard F.

In: Comprehensive Psychiatry, Vol. 37, No. 2, 19.03.1996, p. 102-108.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cornelius, JR, Fabrega, H, Cornelius, MD, Mezzich, J, Maher, PJ, Salloum, IM, Thase, ME & Ulrich, RF 1996, 'Racial effects on the clinical presentation of alcoholics at a psychiatric hospital', Comprehensive Psychiatry, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 102-108. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0010-440X(96)90569-6
Cornelius, Jack R. ; Fabrega, Horacio ; Cornelius, Marie D. ; Mezzich, Juan ; Maher, Patrick J. ; Salloum, Ihsan M ; Thase, Michael E. ; Ulrich, Richard F. / Racial effects on the clinical presentation of alcoholics at a psychiatric hospital. In: Comprehensive Psychiatry. 1996 ; Vol. 37, No. 2. pp. 102-108.
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