Racial differences in visceral adipose tissue but not anthropometric markers of health-related variables

Arlette C. Perry, E. Brooks Applegate, M. Loreto Jackson, Steven Deprima, Ronald B. Goldberg, Robert Ross, Lani Kempner, Brandon B. Feldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

85 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study sought to determine whether visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and/or its anthropometric surrogates could significantly predict health-related variables (HRV) in overweight Caucasian (CC) (n = 36) and African-American (AA) (n = 30) women. With the use of magnetic resonance imaging, findings showed significantly higher volume and area of VAT (P < 0.0001 for both) as well as higher triacylglycerol (P = 0.009) in CC compared with AA women. Furthermore, VAT volume, race, and VAT volume x race interaction could significantly predict triacylglycerol (P = 0.0094), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P = 0.0057), insulin (P = 0.0002), and insulin resistance (P < 0.0001). Additionally, the VAT volume x race interaction for insulin (P = 0.040) and insulin resistance (P = 0.003) was significant. In a separate analysis, waist circumference and race predicted the identical variables. Our results support the use of volume or area of VAT in predicting HRV in CC women; however, its use in AA women appears limited. In contrast, waist circumference can provide a suitable VAT alternative for both CC and AA women; however, VAT clearly represents the more powerful predictor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)636-643
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Volume89
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

Keywords

  • African-American women
  • Caucasian women
  • Central obesity
  • Glucose
  • Insulin
  • Serum lipoproteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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