Race, risk, and willingness of end-stage renal disease patients without hepatitis C virus to accept an HCV-infected kidney transplant

Maureen McCauley, Adam Mussell, David Goldberg, Deirdre Sawinski, Rodolfo N. Molina, Ricarda Tomlin, Sahil D. Doshi, Peter Abt, Roy Bloom, Emily Blumberg, Sanjay Kulkarni, Gabriela Esnaola, Justine Shults, Carrie Thiessen, Peter P. Reese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Despite effective antiviral treatment, hundreds of kidneys from deceased donors with hepatitis C virus (HCV) are discarded annually. Little is known about the determinants of willingness to accept HCV-infected kidneys among HCV-negative patients. Methods At 2 centers, 189 patients undergoing initial or reevaluation for transplant made 12 hypothetical decisions about accepting HCV-infected kidneys in which we systematically varied expected HCV cure rate, allograft quality, and wait time for an uninfected kidney. Results Only 29% of the participants would accept an HCV-infected kidney under all scenarios, whereas 53% accepted some offers and rejected others, and 18% rejected all HCV-infected kidneys. Higher cure rate (odds ratio [OR], 3.49; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.33-5.24 for 95% vs 75% probability of HCV cure), younger donor (OR, 2.34; 95% CI, 1.91-2.88 for a 20-year-old vs a 60-year-old hypertensive donor), and longer wait for an uninfected kidney (OR, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.22-1.67 for 5 years vs 2 years) were associated with greater willingness to accept an HCV-infected kidney. Black race modified the effect of HCV cure rate, such that willingness to accept a kidney increased less for blacks versus whites as the cure rate improved. Patients older than 60 years and prior kidney recipients showed greater willingness to accept an HCV-infected organ. Conclusions Most patients will consider an HCV-infected kidney in some situations. Future trials using HCV-infected kidneys may enhance enrollment by targeting older patients and prior transplant recipients, but centers should anticipate that black patients' acceptance of HCV-infected kidneys will be reduced compared with white patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E163-E170
JournalTransplantation
Volume102
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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