Rac1b regulates NT3-stimulated Mek-Erk signaling, directing marrow-isolated adult multilineage inducible (MIAMI) cells toward an early neuronal phenotype

Kevin M. Curtis, Lourdes A. Gomez, Paul C Schiller

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Abstract

Due to the limitations of neural stem cells to repair neuronal damage in the human brain, alternative approaches of repair using autologous adult stem cells have been examined for direct cell-replacement, or paracrine mediated neuroprotective effects. Human bone marrow-derived stromal cells (hMSCs) are a heterogeneous adult stem cell population with diverse immunomodulatory properties and the potential to differentiate into cells characteristic of all three germ layers. hMSCs are a renewable source of progenitor cells suitable for cell-based tissue repair. The marrow isolated adult multilineage inducible (MIAMI) cells developed by our laboratory are a developmentally immature homogeneous subpopulation of hMSCs that maintain self-renewal potential during ex vivo expansion, efficient differentiation capacity into neuron-like cells in vitro, as well as direct in vivo neuroprotection and functional recovery in animal models of neurological diseases. We now address the early signaling mechanisms regulating the neuron-like differentiation of MIAMI cells in vitro, in response to activation of the neurotrophic tyrosine-kinase receptor, type 3 (NTRK3) via neurotrophin 3 (NT3). We molecularly characterize a novel role for Rac1b mediating the neurogenic potential of MIAMI cells. Rac1b had an overall negative modulatory effect on the NT3-stimulated Mek1/2-Erk1/2 signaling pathway, proneuronal gene expression and neurite-like extensions. Rac1b was required for NT3-stimulated cell proliferation of MIAMI cells, yet was found to repress CCND1 and CCNB1 mRNA expression independent of NT3 stimulation, suggesting a dual neurotrophin dependent/independent function. Differential levels of Rac1b activity in hMSCs may explain the apparent contradictory reports regarding their neurogenic potential. These findings demonstrate the in vitro neurogenic potential of hMSCs as governed by Rac1b during NT3 stimulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-148
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular and Cellular Neuroscience
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

Fingerprint

Neurotrophin 3
Bone Marrow
Phenotype
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Adult Stem Cells
trkC Receptor
Neurons
Animal Disease Models
Germ Layers
Neural Stem Cells
Nerve Growth Factors
Neuroprotective Agents
Neurites
Human Activities
Stem Cells
Cell Proliferation
Gene Expression
Messenger RNA
Brain

Keywords

  • Cell transdifferentiation
  • Mesenchymal stem cells
  • Neuronal differentiation
  • Neurotrophin 3
  • NTRK3 receptor
  • Rac1b

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Rac1b regulates NT3-stimulated Mek-Erk signaling, directing marrow-isolated adult multilineage inducible (MIAMI) cells toward an early neuronal phenotype",
abstract = "Due to the limitations of neural stem cells to repair neuronal damage in the human brain, alternative approaches of repair using autologous adult stem cells have been examined for direct cell-replacement, or paracrine mediated neuroprotective effects. Human bone marrow-derived stromal cells (hMSCs) are a heterogeneous adult stem cell population with diverse immunomodulatory properties and the potential to differentiate into cells characteristic of all three germ layers. hMSCs are a renewable source of progenitor cells suitable for cell-based tissue repair. The marrow isolated adult multilineage inducible (MIAMI) cells developed by our laboratory are a developmentally immature homogeneous subpopulation of hMSCs that maintain self-renewal potential during ex vivo expansion, efficient differentiation capacity into neuron-like cells in vitro, as well as direct in vivo neuroprotection and functional recovery in animal models of neurological diseases. We now address the early signaling mechanisms regulating the neuron-like differentiation of MIAMI cells in vitro, in response to activation of the neurotrophic tyrosine-kinase receptor, type 3 (NTRK3) via neurotrophin 3 (NT3). We molecularly characterize a novel role for Rac1b mediating the neurogenic potential of MIAMI cells. Rac1b had an overall negative modulatory effect on the NT3-stimulated Mek1/2-Erk1/2 signaling pathway, proneuronal gene expression and neurite-like extensions. Rac1b was required for NT3-stimulated cell proliferation of MIAMI cells, yet was found to repress CCND1 and CCNB1 mRNA expression independent of NT3 stimulation, suggesting a dual neurotrophin dependent/independent function. Differential levels of Rac1b activity in hMSCs may explain the apparent contradictory reports regarding their neurogenic potential. These findings demonstrate the in vitro neurogenic potential of hMSCs as governed by Rac1b during NT3 stimulation.",
keywords = "Cell transdifferentiation, Mesenchymal stem cells, Neuronal differentiation, Neurotrophin 3, NTRK3 receptor, Rac1b",
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AU - Gomez, Lourdes A.

AU - Schiller, Paul C

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N2 - Due to the limitations of neural stem cells to repair neuronal damage in the human brain, alternative approaches of repair using autologous adult stem cells have been examined for direct cell-replacement, or paracrine mediated neuroprotective effects. Human bone marrow-derived stromal cells (hMSCs) are a heterogeneous adult stem cell population with diverse immunomodulatory properties and the potential to differentiate into cells characteristic of all three germ layers. hMSCs are a renewable source of progenitor cells suitable for cell-based tissue repair. The marrow isolated adult multilineage inducible (MIAMI) cells developed by our laboratory are a developmentally immature homogeneous subpopulation of hMSCs that maintain self-renewal potential during ex vivo expansion, efficient differentiation capacity into neuron-like cells in vitro, as well as direct in vivo neuroprotection and functional recovery in animal models of neurological diseases. We now address the early signaling mechanisms regulating the neuron-like differentiation of MIAMI cells in vitro, in response to activation of the neurotrophic tyrosine-kinase receptor, type 3 (NTRK3) via neurotrophin 3 (NT3). We molecularly characterize a novel role for Rac1b mediating the neurogenic potential of MIAMI cells. Rac1b had an overall negative modulatory effect on the NT3-stimulated Mek1/2-Erk1/2 signaling pathway, proneuronal gene expression and neurite-like extensions. Rac1b was required for NT3-stimulated cell proliferation of MIAMI cells, yet was found to repress CCND1 and CCNB1 mRNA expression independent of NT3 stimulation, suggesting a dual neurotrophin dependent/independent function. Differential levels of Rac1b activity in hMSCs may explain the apparent contradictory reports regarding their neurogenic potential. These findings demonstrate the in vitro neurogenic potential of hMSCs as governed by Rac1b during NT3 stimulation.

AB - Due to the limitations of neural stem cells to repair neuronal damage in the human brain, alternative approaches of repair using autologous adult stem cells have been examined for direct cell-replacement, or paracrine mediated neuroprotective effects. Human bone marrow-derived stromal cells (hMSCs) are a heterogeneous adult stem cell population with diverse immunomodulatory properties and the potential to differentiate into cells characteristic of all three germ layers. hMSCs are a renewable source of progenitor cells suitable for cell-based tissue repair. The marrow isolated adult multilineage inducible (MIAMI) cells developed by our laboratory are a developmentally immature homogeneous subpopulation of hMSCs that maintain self-renewal potential during ex vivo expansion, efficient differentiation capacity into neuron-like cells in vitro, as well as direct in vivo neuroprotection and functional recovery in animal models of neurological diseases. We now address the early signaling mechanisms regulating the neuron-like differentiation of MIAMI cells in vitro, in response to activation of the neurotrophic tyrosine-kinase receptor, type 3 (NTRK3) via neurotrophin 3 (NT3). We molecularly characterize a novel role for Rac1b mediating the neurogenic potential of MIAMI cells. Rac1b had an overall negative modulatory effect on the NT3-stimulated Mek1/2-Erk1/2 signaling pathway, proneuronal gene expression and neurite-like extensions. Rac1b was required for NT3-stimulated cell proliferation of MIAMI cells, yet was found to repress CCND1 and CCNB1 mRNA expression independent of NT3 stimulation, suggesting a dual neurotrophin dependent/independent function. Differential levels of Rac1b activity in hMSCs may explain the apparent contradictory reports regarding their neurogenic potential. These findings demonstrate the in vitro neurogenic potential of hMSCs as governed by Rac1b during NT3 stimulation.

KW - Cell transdifferentiation

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KW - NTRK3 receptor

KW - Rac1b

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