The purpose of the present research was to develop questionnaires to assess outcome expectancy for resistance training (RT), behavioral expectation in the context of perceived barriers to RT, and self-regulation strategies for RT among young-old adults (50-69 years). Measurement development included (a) item generation through elicitation interviews (N = 14) and open-ended questionnaires (N = 56), (b) expert feedback on a preliminary draft of the questionnaires (N = 4), and (c) a quantitative longitudinal study for item-reduction and psychometric analyses (N = 94). Elicitation procedures, expert feedback, and item reduction yielded four questionnaires with a total of 33 items. Positive outcome expectancy (α =.809), negative outcome expectancy (α =.729), behavioral expectation (α =.925), and self-regulation (α =.761) had-with one exception-moderate bivariate associations with two different indicators of self-reported RT behavior at one-month follow-up (r =.298 to.506). The present research provides preliminary support for newly developed questionnaires to facilitate understanding of the psychosocial determinants of RT among young-old adults.
- Elicitation interviews
- Social cognitive framework
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geriatrics and Gerontology
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation