Perfusion assessed in the cardiac catheterization laboratory predicts outcomes after myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to investigate a novel method of assessing perfusion using digital subtraction angiography to generate a time-density curve (TDC) of myocardial blush, incorporating epicardial and myocardial perfusion. Seven pigs underwent temporary occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery for 60 minutes. Angiography was performed in the same projections before, during, and after occlusion. Perfusion parameters were obtained from the TDC and compared with Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) frame count and myocardial perfusion grade. In addition, safety and feasibility were tested in 8 patients after primary percutaneous coronary intervention. The contrast density differential between the proximal artery and the myocardium derived from the TDC correlated well with TIMI myocardial perfusion grade (R = 0.54, p <0.001). The arterial transit time derived from the TDC correlated with TIMI frame count (R = 0.435, p = 0.011). Using a cutoff of 2.4, the density/time ratio, a ratio of density differential to transit time, had sensitivity and specificity of 100% for coronary arterial occlusion. The positive and negative predictive values were 100%. The generation of a TDC was safe and feasible in 7 patients after acute myocardial infarctions, but the correlation between TDC-derived parameters and TIMI parameters did not reach statistical significance. In conclusion, this novel method of digital subtraction angiography with rapid, automated, quantitative assessment of myocardial perfusion in the cardiac catheterization laboratory correlates well with established angiographic measures of perfusion. Further studies to assess the prognostic value of this technique are warranted.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine