Platelet consumption in a hollow-fiber membrane oxygenator (HFMO) and arterial filter (AF) during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was quantified in five pigs using Indium 111 labeled autologous platelets. Platelet labeling was performed 20-24 hours before CPB. After general endotracheal anesthesia, the pigs were systemically heparinized and were placed on CPB via a median sternotomy. After 3 hours of CPB, radioactivity was quantified with a gamma camera and an ionization chamber. The percent of injected dose (mean ± SD) was 0.79 ± 0.45 in the HFMO, 2.52 ± 0.93 in AF, 4.3 ± 1.2 in blood loss during CPB. Platelet consumption in HFMO during CPB was lower than in blubble oxygenators (19%) or silicone membrane oxygenators (12%) as observed in previous studies.
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