Quantitation of malaria sporozoites in the salivary glands of wild Afrotropical Anopheles.

John C Beier, F. K. Onyango, M. Ramadhan, J. K. Koros, C. M. Asiago, R. A. Wirtz, D. K. Koech, C. R. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The number of malaria sporozoites in the salivary glands was determined microscopically for 1137 wild, naturally infected Anopheles from western Kenya. Infective Anopheles gambiae Giles sensu lato (n = 874) contained a geometric mean (GM) of 962 sporozoites and An.funestus Giles (n = 263) contained 812. No significant differences were detected in geometric mean numbers of sporozoites between species, collection techniques or sites. Of the infective An.gambiae, 1.7% (15/874) contained more than 41,830 sporozoites, the maximum observed for An.funestus. Microscopic techniques were found to be more sensitive than enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) for detecting low-grade sporozoite infections in salivary glands. Salivary gland sporozoites from 83.6% of the 1137 gland infections were identified by ELISA as either Plasmodium falciparum Welch (n = 910), P.ovale Stephens (n = 7), P.malariae Grassi & Feletti (n = 3) or mixed (n = 30). The 187 gland infections which could not be identified by ELISA contained significantly fewer sporozoites (GM = 242) than those which could be identified (GM = 1200).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-70
Number of pages8
JournalMedical and Veterinary Entomology
Volume5
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991
Externally publishedYes

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Sporozoites
Anopheles
sporozoites
malaria
salivary glands
Salivary Glands
Malaria
assay
enzyme
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
Infection
infection
Anopheles gambiae
Kenya
Plasmodium falciparum
methodology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Beier, J. C., Onyango, F. K., Ramadhan, M., Koros, J. K., Asiago, C. M., Wirtz, R. A., ... Roberts, C. R. (1991). Quantitation of malaria sporozoites in the salivary glands of wild Afrotropical Anopheles. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 5(1), 63-70.

Quantitation of malaria sporozoites in the salivary glands of wild Afrotropical Anopheles. / Beier, John C; Onyango, F. K.; Ramadhan, M.; Koros, J. K.; Asiago, C. M.; Wirtz, R. A.; Koech, D. K.; Roberts, C. R.

In: Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Vol. 5, No. 1, 01.01.1991, p. 63-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Beier, JC, Onyango, FK, Ramadhan, M, Koros, JK, Asiago, CM, Wirtz, RA, Koech, DK & Roberts, CR 1991, 'Quantitation of malaria sporozoites in the salivary glands of wild Afrotropical Anopheles.', Medical and Veterinary Entomology, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 63-70.
Beier JC, Onyango FK, Ramadhan M, Koros JK, Asiago CM, Wirtz RA et al. Quantitation of malaria sporozoites in the salivary glands of wild Afrotropical Anopheles. Medical and Veterinary Entomology. 1991 Jan 1;5(1):63-70.
Beier, John C ; Onyango, F. K. ; Ramadhan, M. ; Koros, J. K. ; Asiago, C. M. ; Wirtz, R. A. ; Koech, D. K. ; Roberts, C. R. / Quantitation of malaria sporozoites in the salivary glands of wild Afrotropical Anopheles. In: Medical and Veterinary Entomology. 1991 ; Vol. 5, No. 1. pp. 63-70.
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