Quantification et interprétation de l’inégalité des infections opératoires entre les salles d’opération

Translated title of the contribution: Quantifying and interpreting inequality of surgical site infections among operating rooms

Franklin Dexter, Richard H. Epstein, Randy W. Loftus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose: The incidence of surgical site infection differs among operating rooms (ORs). However, cost effectiveness of interventions targeting ORs depends on infection counts. The purpose of this study was to quantify the inequality of infection counts among ORs. Methods: We performed a single-centre historical cohort study of elective surgical cases spanning a 160-week period from May 2017 to May 2020, identifying cases of infection within 90 days using International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnosis codes. We used the Gini index to measure inequality of infections among ORs. As a reference, the Gini index for inequality of household disposable income in the US in 2017 was 0.39, and 0.31 for Canada. Results: There were 3,148 (3.67%) infections among the 85,744 cases studied. The 20% of 57 ORs with the most and least infections accounted for 44% (99% confidence interval [CI], 36 to 52) and 5% (99% CI, 2 to 8), respectively. The Gini index was 0.40 (99% CI, 0.31 to 0.50), which is comparable to income inequality in the US. There were more infections in ORs with more minutes of cases (Spearman correlation ρ = 0.68; P < 0.001), but generally not in ORs with more total cases (ρ = 0.11; P = 0.43). Moderately long (3.3 to 4.8 hr) cases had a large effect, having greater incidences of infection, while not being so long as to have just one case per day per OR. There was substantially greater inequality in infection counts among the 557 observed combinations of OR specialty (Gini index 0.85; 99% CI, 0.81 to 0.88). Conclusions: Inequality of infections among ORs is substantial and caused by both inequality in the incidence of infections and inequality in the total minutes of cases. Inequality in infections among OR and specialty combinations is due principally to inequality in total minutes of cases.

Translated title of the contributionQuantifying and interpreting inequality of surgical site infections among operating rooms
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)812-824
Number of pages13
JournalCanadian Journal of Anesthesia
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2021


  • analytics
  • cost effectiveness
  • Gini index
  • operating room management
  • operations research
  • surgical site infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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