Quantification of glucose cycling and the extent of equilibration of glucose 6-phosphate with fructose 6-phosphate in islets from ob/ob mice

V. Chandramouli, A. Khan, C. G. Ostenson, P. O. Berggren, H. Low, B. R.S.E. Landau Efendic

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8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pancreatic islets from fed and fasted obese hyperglycaemic (ob/ob) mice were incubated with [1-14C]glucose at 5.5 mM and 16.7 mM, [1-(l4)C]mannose at 16.7 mM, and 3H2O. Yields of 14CO2 and 14C-labelled lactate, and amounts of 14C from [1-14C]mannose incorporated into glucose and of 3H bound to C-2 of glucose, were measured. Glucose utilization was determined from yields of 3H2O from [5-3H]glucose. From the results using 14C, 32-43% of the hexoses phosphorylated to hexose 6-phosphate were estimated to have been dephosphorylated, i.e. cycled. Estimates of hexose cycling from 3H incorporation into glucose were similar. Differences in the ratios of 14C yields in CO2 and lactate indicated incomplete isotopic equilibration between glucose 6-phosphate and fructose 6-phosphate, making the estimates of cycling semi-quantitative. In the fasted state, a larger percentage of the hexose utilized went to lactate than in the fed state. Thus conversion of mannose into glucose in islets indicates the occurrence of glucose cycling in islets. Yields of 14C from [1-14C]mannose, compared with from [1-14C]glucose, provide an approach for quantifying the extent of this cycling. These data provide further evidence for extensive glucose cycling occurring in ob/ob islets in both the fed and the fasted state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-359
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume278
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Chandramouli, V., Khan, A., Ostenson, C. G., Berggren, P. O., Low, H., & Landau Efendic, B. R. S. E. (1991). Quantification of glucose cycling and the extent of equilibration of glucose 6-phosphate with fructose 6-phosphate in islets from ob/ob mice. Biochemical Journal, 278(2), 353-359. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2780353