Quality of Life Measures in the Miami HIV-1 Infected Drug Abusers Cohort: Relationship to Gender and Disease Status

Gail Shor-Posner, Robert Lecusay, Maria Jose Miguez-Burbano, Jose Quesada, Allan E Rodriguez, Phillip Ruiz, Sandra O'Mellan, Adriana Campa, Hernan Rincon, Fran Wilkie, John Page, Marianna K. Baum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study examined activity, daily living, health, support, and outlook in HIV + drug users. Methods: Using the physician-administered Spitzer Index, the study assessed 75 HIV-1 seropositive men (n=51) and women (n=24) enrolled in the Miami HIV-1 Infected Drug Abusers Study (MIDAS). Results: Total composite scores were significantly lower in the HIV-1 infected women than the men (p=.03). Significant gender differences were observed in activity assessment, independent of disease status, with women six times as likely to have lower activity scores (p=.0038). Most women (45%) in this category were homeless or marginally housed, compared to 11 percent of the men. Additionally, women with low activity scores had less social support than women with high activity scores. Cocaine use was significantly related to reports of normal activity, and varied across genders; more men used cocaine than women (p=.03). Compared to non-AIDS participants, AIDS patients were more likely to have lower scores in health (p=.009) and poorer outlook (p=.03). Implications: These findings reveal specific deficits in areas of psychosocial capacity, particularly in HIV-1 infected women who abuse drugs, that may need to be strengthened in order to enhance function and adherence to treatment, as well as well-being.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-404
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000

Fingerprint

Drug Users
HIV-1
Quality of Life
Cocaine
Women's Rights
Health
Activities of Daily Living
Social Support
Substance-Related Disorders
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV
Physicians

Keywords

  • Drug use
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Quality of Life Measures in the Miami HIV-1 Infected Drug Abusers Cohort : Relationship to Gender and Disease Status. / Shor-Posner, Gail; Lecusay, Robert; Miguez-Burbano, Maria Jose; Quesada, Jose; Rodriguez, Allan E; Ruiz, Phillip; O'Mellan, Sandra; Campa, Adriana; Rincon, Hernan; Wilkie, Fran; Page, John; Baum, Marianna K.

In: Journal of Substance Abuse, Vol. 11, No. 4, 01.12.2000, p. 395-404.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shor-Posner, G, Lecusay, R, Miguez-Burbano, MJ, Quesada, J, Rodriguez, AE, Ruiz, P, O'Mellan, S, Campa, A, Rincon, H, Wilkie, F, Page, J & Baum, MK 2000, 'Quality of Life Measures in the Miami HIV-1 Infected Drug Abusers Cohort: Relationship to Gender and Disease Status', Journal of Substance Abuse, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 395-404. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0899-3289(00)00035-3
Shor-Posner, Gail ; Lecusay, Robert ; Miguez-Burbano, Maria Jose ; Quesada, Jose ; Rodriguez, Allan E ; Ruiz, Phillip ; O'Mellan, Sandra ; Campa, Adriana ; Rincon, Hernan ; Wilkie, Fran ; Page, John ; Baum, Marianna K. / Quality of Life Measures in the Miami HIV-1 Infected Drug Abusers Cohort : Relationship to Gender and Disease Status. In: Journal of Substance Abuse. 2000 ; Vol. 11, No. 4. pp. 395-404.
@article{4f8896c5e85949a082ef87193e48ba8a,
title = "Quality of Life Measures in the Miami HIV-1 Infected Drug Abusers Cohort: Relationship to Gender and Disease Status",
abstract = "Purpose: This study examined activity, daily living, health, support, and outlook in HIV + drug users. Methods: Using the physician-administered Spitzer Index, the study assessed 75 HIV-1 seropositive men (n=51) and women (n=24) enrolled in the Miami HIV-1 Infected Drug Abusers Study (MIDAS). Results: Total composite scores were significantly lower in the HIV-1 infected women than the men (p=.03). Significant gender differences were observed in activity assessment, independent of disease status, with women six times as likely to have lower activity scores (p=.0038). Most women (45{\%}) in this category were homeless or marginally housed, compared to 11 percent of the men. Additionally, women with low activity scores had less social support than women with high activity scores. Cocaine use was significantly related to reports of normal activity, and varied across genders; more men used cocaine than women (p=.03). Compared to non-AIDS participants, AIDS patients were more likely to have lower scores in health (p=.009) and poorer outlook (p=.03). Implications: These findings reveal specific deficits in areas of psychosocial capacity, particularly in HIV-1 infected women who abuse drugs, that may need to be strengthened in order to enhance function and adherence to treatment, as well as well-being.",
keywords = "Drug use, HIV/AIDS, Quality of life",
author = "Gail Shor-Posner and Robert Lecusay and Miguez-Burbano, {Maria Jose} and Jose Quesada and Rodriguez, {Allan E} and Phillip Ruiz and Sandra O'Mellan and Adriana Campa and Hernan Rincon and Fran Wilkie and John Page and Baum, {Marianna K.}",
year = "2000",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S0899-3289(00)00035-3",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "395--404",
journal = "Journal of Substance Abuse",
issn = "0899-3289",
publisher = "Ablex Pub. Corp",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Quality of Life Measures in the Miami HIV-1 Infected Drug Abusers Cohort

T2 - Relationship to Gender and Disease Status

AU - Shor-Posner, Gail

AU - Lecusay, Robert

AU - Miguez-Burbano, Maria Jose

AU - Quesada, Jose

AU - Rodriguez, Allan E

AU - Ruiz, Phillip

AU - O'Mellan, Sandra

AU - Campa, Adriana

AU - Rincon, Hernan

AU - Wilkie, Fran

AU - Page, John

AU - Baum, Marianna K.

PY - 2000/12/1

Y1 - 2000/12/1

N2 - Purpose: This study examined activity, daily living, health, support, and outlook in HIV + drug users. Methods: Using the physician-administered Spitzer Index, the study assessed 75 HIV-1 seropositive men (n=51) and women (n=24) enrolled in the Miami HIV-1 Infected Drug Abusers Study (MIDAS). Results: Total composite scores were significantly lower in the HIV-1 infected women than the men (p=.03). Significant gender differences were observed in activity assessment, independent of disease status, with women six times as likely to have lower activity scores (p=.0038). Most women (45%) in this category were homeless or marginally housed, compared to 11 percent of the men. Additionally, women with low activity scores had less social support than women with high activity scores. Cocaine use was significantly related to reports of normal activity, and varied across genders; more men used cocaine than women (p=.03). Compared to non-AIDS participants, AIDS patients were more likely to have lower scores in health (p=.009) and poorer outlook (p=.03). Implications: These findings reveal specific deficits in areas of psychosocial capacity, particularly in HIV-1 infected women who abuse drugs, that may need to be strengthened in order to enhance function and adherence to treatment, as well as well-being.

AB - Purpose: This study examined activity, daily living, health, support, and outlook in HIV + drug users. Methods: Using the physician-administered Spitzer Index, the study assessed 75 HIV-1 seropositive men (n=51) and women (n=24) enrolled in the Miami HIV-1 Infected Drug Abusers Study (MIDAS). Results: Total composite scores were significantly lower in the HIV-1 infected women than the men (p=.03). Significant gender differences were observed in activity assessment, independent of disease status, with women six times as likely to have lower activity scores (p=.0038). Most women (45%) in this category were homeless or marginally housed, compared to 11 percent of the men. Additionally, women with low activity scores had less social support than women with high activity scores. Cocaine use was significantly related to reports of normal activity, and varied across genders; more men used cocaine than women (p=.03). Compared to non-AIDS participants, AIDS patients were more likely to have lower scores in health (p=.009) and poorer outlook (p=.03). Implications: These findings reveal specific deficits in areas of psychosocial capacity, particularly in HIV-1 infected women who abuse drugs, that may need to be strengthened in order to enhance function and adherence to treatment, as well as well-being.

KW - Drug use

KW - HIV/AIDS

KW - Quality of life

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034566582&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034566582&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0899-3289(00)00035-3

DO - 10.1016/S0899-3289(00)00035-3

M3 - Article

C2 - 11147235

AN - SCOPUS:0034566582

VL - 11

SP - 395

EP - 404

JO - Journal of Substance Abuse

JF - Journal of Substance Abuse

SN - 0899-3289

IS - 4

ER -