Two-dimensional electrophoresis has allowed a higher-resolution comparison of rapid transport in ventral horn motoneurons and bidirectionally in dorsal root sensory neurons. Dorsal root ganglia 8 and 9, or hemisected spinal cords, from frog were selectively exposed in vitro to 35S-methionine. Transported, labelled proteins that accumulated in 3 mm segments proximal to ligatures on dorsal roots and spinal nerves or sciatic nerves were subjected to two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Comparisons were made of fluorographic patterns from dried gels. 65 species of proteins were found to be rapidly transported in both bifurcations of dorsal root sensory neurons. No abundant species of protein was rapidly transported in dorsal roots that was not also found in spinal nerves. A comparison of proteins rapidly transported in the sciatic nerve from ventral horn motoneurons with those from dorsal root sensory neurons yielded 50 common species of polypeptides. At most four minor species were possibly transported only in ventral horn motoneurons. An overall comparison indicates that at least 45 species of proteins, including all of the more abundantly transported ones, were consistently common to both dorsal root bifurcations and to ventral horn motoneurons. This appears to be the case despite the very different functions carried out by motoneurons and sensory neurons.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience