PVT properties of concentrated aqueous electrolytes. III. Volume changes for mixing the major sea salts at I=1.0 and 3.0 at 25°C

Frank J Millero, Leslie M. Connaughton, Faina Vinokurova, Peter V. Chetirkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The densities of mixtures of the six possible combinatons of the major sea salts (NaCl, Na2SO4, MgSO4, and MgCl2) were determined at constant ionic strengths of I=1.0 and I=3.0 at 25°C. The results are used to determine the volume changes for mixing (ΔVm) the major sea salts. The values of ΔVm were fit to equations of the form ΔVm where yi is the molal ionic strength fraction of solute i, and υ0 and υ1 are parameters related to the interaction of like-charged ions. The cross-square rule was found to hold at both ionic strengths. Density estimates were made without and with the addition of volume of mixing terms to Young's Rule and compared to the experimental values. The densities calculated with the addition of volume of mixing terms gave better estimates, demonstrating that the densities of concentrated brines can be more accurately estimated using ΔVm terms. The equations of Reilly and Wood which include the cross-square rule were used to estimate the densities of the cross mixtures (NaCl-MgSO4 and MgCl2-Na2SO4). The estimated densities agree with the measured values to within ±30 ppm at I=1.0 and ±125 ppm at I=3.0.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)837-851
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Solution Chemistry
Volume14
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1985

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Ionic strength
Oceans and Seas
Osmolar Concentration
Electrolytes
Magnesium Chloride
Salts
electrolytes
salts
Brines
Wood
estimates
Ions
brines
solutes
ions
interactions

Keywords

  • densities
  • MgCl
  • MgSO
  • NaSO
  • NaCl
  • Sea salts
  • volumes of mixing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

PVT properties of concentrated aqueous electrolytes. III. Volume changes for mixing the major sea salts at I=1.0 and 3.0 at 25°C. / Millero, Frank J; Connaughton, Leslie M.; Vinokurova, Faina; Chetirkin, Peter V.

In: Journal of Solution Chemistry, Vol. 14, No. 12, 12.1985, p. 837-851.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Millero, Frank J ; Connaughton, Leslie M. ; Vinokurova, Faina ; Chetirkin, Peter V. / PVT properties of concentrated aqueous electrolytes. III. Volume changes for mixing the major sea salts at I=1.0 and 3.0 at 25°C. In: Journal of Solution Chemistry. 1985 ; Vol. 14, No. 12. pp. 837-851.
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