Purification and properties of the membrane-bound form of acetylcholinesterase from chicken brain. Evidence for two distinct polypeptide chains

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Abstract

The major molecular form of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) from chicken brain is a membrane-bound glycoprotein with an apparent sedimentation coefficient of 11.4 S. Analysis of the purified protein by gel filtration, velocity sedimentation, and sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis shows that the solubilized enzyme is a globular tetramer with an apparent M(r) = 420,000. This membrane-bound form of AChE is hydrophobic and readily aggregates in the absence of detergent. These aggregates are concentration dependent, relatively stable in the presence of high salt concentrations, yet readily dissociate upon addition of detergent to the 11.4 S form, indicating that the interactions are hydrophobic. Polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies raised against chicken brain AChE purified by ion exchange chromatography, affinity chromatography, and preparative gel electrophoresis precipitate AChE enzyme activity. However, these antibodies do not cross-react with the enzyme from chicken muscle which preferentially hydrolyses butyrylcholine. Immunoprecipitation of isotopically labeled enzyme molecules from tissue cultured brain cells and analysis by sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis shows that AChE consists of two polypeptide chains with apparent M(r) = 105,000 (α) and 100,000 (β) in a 1:1 ratio. Immunoblotting of brain AChE with either the polyclonal or monoclonal antibodies indicates that the α and β chains share antigenic determinants. Furthermore, both polypeptide chains can be labeled with [3H]diisopropyl fluorophosphate, indicating that they each contain a catalytic site. This is the first indication that globular forms of AChE may consist of multiple polypeptide chains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13186-13194
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume259
Issue number21
StatePublished - Dec 1 1984
Externally publishedYes

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Acetylcholinesterase
Purification
Chickens
Brain
Membranes
Peptides
Electrophoresis
Gels
fluorophosphate
Enzymes
Sedimentation
Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
Detergents
Monoclonal Antibodies
Affinity chromatography
Membrane Glycoproteins
Ion Exchange Chromatography
Enzyme activity
Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
Affinity Chromatography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Purification and properties of the membrane-bound form of acetylcholinesterase from chicken brain. Evidence for two distinct polypeptide chains",
abstract = "The major molecular form of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) from chicken brain is a membrane-bound glycoprotein with an apparent sedimentation coefficient of 11.4 S. Analysis of the purified protein by gel filtration, velocity sedimentation, and sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis shows that the solubilized enzyme is a globular tetramer with an apparent M(r) = 420,000. This membrane-bound form of AChE is hydrophobic and readily aggregates in the absence of detergent. These aggregates are concentration dependent, relatively stable in the presence of high salt concentrations, yet readily dissociate upon addition of detergent to the 11.4 S form, indicating that the interactions are hydrophobic. Polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies raised against chicken brain AChE purified by ion exchange chromatography, affinity chromatography, and preparative gel electrophoresis precipitate AChE enzyme activity. However, these antibodies do not cross-react with the enzyme from chicken muscle which preferentially hydrolyses butyrylcholine. Immunoprecipitation of isotopically labeled enzyme molecules from tissue cultured brain cells and analysis by sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis shows that AChE consists of two polypeptide chains with apparent M(r) = 105,000 (α) and 100,000 (β) in a 1:1 ratio. Immunoblotting of brain AChE with either the polyclonal or monoclonal antibodies indicates that the α and β chains share antigenic determinants. Furthermore, both polypeptide chains can be labeled with [3H]diisopropyl fluorophosphate, indicating that they each contain a catalytic site. This is the first indication that globular forms of AChE may consist of multiple polypeptide chains.",
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T1 - Purification and properties of the membrane-bound form of acetylcholinesterase from chicken brain. Evidence for two distinct polypeptide chains

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N2 - The major molecular form of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) from chicken brain is a membrane-bound glycoprotein with an apparent sedimentation coefficient of 11.4 S. Analysis of the purified protein by gel filtration, velocity sedimentation, and sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis shows that the solubilized enzyme is a globular tetramer with an apparent M(r) = 420,000. This membrane-bound form of AChE is hydrophobic and readily aggregates in the absence of detergent. These aggregates are concentration dependent, relatively stable in the presence of high salt concentrations, yet readily dissociate upon addition of detergent to the 11.4 S form, indicating that the interactions are hydrophobic. Polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies raised against chicken brain AChE purified by ion exchange chromatography, affinity chromatography, and preparative gel electrophoresis precipitate AChE enzyme activity. However, these antibodies do not cross-react with the enzyme from chicken muscle which preferentially hydrolyses butyrylcholine. Immunoprecipitation of isotopically labeled enzyme molecules from tissue cultured brain cells and analysis by sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis shows that AChE consists of two polypeptide chains with apparent M(r) = 105,000 (α) and 100,000 (β) in a 1:1 ratio. Immunoblotting of brain AChE with either the polyclonal or monoclonal antibodies indicates that the α and β chains share antigenic determinants. Furthermore, both polypeptide chains can be labeled with [3H]diisopropyl fluorophosphate, indicating that they each contain a catalytic site. This is the first indication that globular forms of AChE may consist of multiple polypeptide chains.

AB - The major molecular form of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) from chicken brain is a membrane-bound glycoprotein with an apparent sedimentation coefficient of 11.4 S. Analysis of the purified protein by gel filtration, velocity sedimentation, and sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis shows that the solubilized enzyme is a globular tetramer with an apparent M(r) = 420,000. This membrane-bound form of AChE is hydrophobic and readily aggregates in the absence of detergent. These aggregates are concentration dependent, relatively stable in the presence of high salt concentrations, yet readily dissociate upon addition of detergent to the 11.4 S form, indicating that the interactions are hydrophobic. Polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies raised against chicken brain AChE purified by ion exchange chromatography, affinity chromatography, and preparative gel electrophoresis precipitate AChE enzyme activity. However, these antibodies do not cross-react with the enzyme from chicken muscle which preferentially hydrolyses butyrylcholine. Immunoprecipitation of isotopically labeled enzyme molecules from tissue cultured brain cells and analysis by sodium dodecyl sulfate-gel electrophoresis shows that AChE consists of two polypeptide chains with apparent M(r) = 105,000 (α) and 100,000 (β) in a 1:1 ratio. Immunoblotting of brain AChE with either the polyclonal or monoclonal antibodies indicates that the α and β chains share antigenic determinants. Furthermore, both polypeptide chains can be labeled with [3H]diisopropyl fluorophosphate, indicating that they each contain a catalytic site. This is the first indication that globular forms of AChE may consist of multiple polypeptide chains.

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