Pulsatile urea excretion in Gulf toadfish: the role of circulating serotonin and additional 5-HT receptor subtypes

Maria C. Cartolano, Haley N. Gancel, Joshua Lonthair, Chris M. Wood, Danielle M Mcdonald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The neurochemical serotonin (5-HT) is involved in stimulating pulsatile urea excretion in Gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta) through the 5-HT2A receptor; however, it is not known if (1) the 5-HT signal originates from circulation or if (2) additional 5-HT receptor subtypes are involved. The first objective was to test whether 5-HT may be acting as a hormone in the control of pulsatile urea excretion by measuring potential fluctuations in circulating 5-HT corresponding with a urea pulse, which would suggest circulating 5-HT may be involved with urea pulse activation. We found that plasma 5-HT significantly decreased by 38% 1 h after pulse detection when branchial urea excretion was significantly elevated and then returned to baseline. This suggests that 5-HT is removed from the circulation, possibly through clearance or excretion, and may be involved in the termination of pulsatile urea excretion. There appeared to be no pulsatile release of 5-HT from peripheral tissues to trigger a urea pulse. The second objective was to determine if additional 5-HT receptor subtypes, such as an additional 5-HT2 receptor (5-HT2C receptor) or the 5-HT receptors that are linked to cAMP (5-HT4/6/7 receptors), played a role in the stimulation of urea excretion. Intravenous injection of 5-HT2C, 5-HT4, 5-HT6, and 5-HT7 receptor agonists did not result in a urea pulse, suggesting that these receptors, and thus cAMP, are not involved in stimulating urea excretion. The involvement of circulating 5-HT and the 5-HT2A receptor in the regulation of pulsatile urea excretion may provide insight into its adaptive significance.

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Batrachoidiformes
Serotonin Receptors
serotonin
excretion
urea
Urea
Serotonin
receptors
Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2A
Opsanus beta
serotonin receptors
gulf
Serotonin 5-HT2 Receptors
Cyclic AMP Receptors
Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2C
intravenous injection
Intravenous Injections
agonists
hormone

Keywords

  • 5-HT
  • 5-HT
  • 5-HT
  • 5-HT
  • cAMP
  • tUT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Biochemistry
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

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title = "Pulsatile urea excretion in Gulf toadfish: the role of circulating serotonin and additional 5-HT receptor subtypes",
abstract = "The neurochemical serotonin (5-HT) is involved in stimulating pulsatile urea excretion in Gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta) through the 5-HT2A receptor; however, it is not known if (1) the 5-HT signal originates from circulation or if (2) additional 5-HT receptor subtypes are involved. The first objective was to test whether 5-HT may be acting as a hormone in the control of pulsatile urea excretion by measuring potential fluctuations in circulating 5-HT corresponding with a urea pulse, which would suggest circulating 5-HT may be involved with urea pulse activation. We found that plasma 5-HT significantly decreased by 38{\%} 1 h after pulse detection when branchial urea excretion was significantly elevated and then returned to baseline. This suggests that 5-HT is removed from the circulation, possibly through clearance or excretion, and may be involved in the termination of pulsatile urea excretion. There appeared to be no pulsatile release of 5-HT from peripheral tissues to trigger a urea pulse. The second objective was to determine if additional 5-HT receptor subtypes, such as an additional 5-HT2 receptor (5-HT2C receptor) or the 5-HT receptors that are linked to cAMP (5-HT4/6/7 receptors), played a role in the stimulation of urea excretion. Intravenous injection of 5-HT2C, 5-HT4, 5-HT6, and 5-HT7 receptor agonists did not result in a urea pulse, suggesting that these receptors, and thus cAMP, are not involved in stimulating urea excretion. The involvement of circulating 5-HT and the 5-HT2A receptor in the regulation of pulsatile urea excretion may provide insight into its adaptive significance.",
keywords = "5-HT, 5-HT, 5-HT, 5-HT, cAMP, tUT",
author = "Cartolano, {Maria C.} and Gancel, {Haley N.} and Joshua Lonthair and Wood, {Chris M.} and Mcdonald, {Danielle M}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s00360-019-01223-x",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology",
issn = "0174-1578",
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T1 - Pulsatile urea excretion in Gulf toadfish

T2 - the role of circulating serotonin and additional 5-HT receptor subtypes

AU - Cartolano, Maria C.

AU - Gancel, Haley N.

AU - Lonthair, Joshua

AU - Wood, Chris M.

AU - Mcdonald, Danielle M

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - The neurochemical serotonin (5-HT) is involved in stimulating pulsatile urea excretion in Gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta) through the 5-HT2A receptor; however, it is not known if (1) the 5-HT signal originates from circulation or if (2) additional 5-HT receptor subtypes are involved. The first objective was to test whether 5-HT may be acting as a hormone in the control of pulsatile urea excretion by measuring potential fluctuations in circulating 5-HT corresponding with a urea pulse, which would suggest circulating 5-HT may be involved with urea pulse activation. We found that plasma 5-HT significantly decreased by 38% 1 h after pulse detection when branchial urea excretion was significantly elevated and then returned to baseline. This suggests that 5-HT is removed from the circulation, possibly through clearance or excretion, and may be involved in the termination of pulsatile urea excretion. There appeared to be no pulsatile release of 5-HT from peripheral tissues to trigger a urea pulse. The second objective was to determine if additional 5-HT receptor subtypes, such as an additional 5-HT2 receptor (5-HT2C receptor) or the 5-HT receptors that are linked to cAMP (5-HT4/6/7 receptors), played a role in the stimulation of urea excretion. Intravenous injection of 5-HT2C, 5-HT4, 5-HT6, and 5-HT7 receptor agonists did not result in a urea pulse, suggesting that these receptors, and thus cAMP, are not involved in stimulating urea excretion. The involvement of circulating 5-HT and the 5-HT2A receptor in the regulation of pulsatile urea excretion may provide insight into its adaptive significance.

AB - The neurochemical serotonin (5-HT) is involved in stimulating pulsatile urea excretion in Gulf toadfish (Opsanus beta) through the 5-HT2A receptor; however, it is not known if (1) the 5-HT signal originates from circulation or if (2) additional 5-HT receptor subtypes are involved. The first objective was to test whether 5-HT may be acting as a hormone in the control of pulsatile urea excretion by measuring potential fluctuations in circulating 5-HT corresponding with a urea pulse, which would suggest circulating 5-HT may be involved with urea pulse activation. We found that plasma 5-HT significantly decreased by 38% 1 h after pulse detection when branchial urea excretion was significantly elevated and then returned to baseline. This suggests that 5-HT is removed from the circulation, possibly through clearance or excretion, and may be involved in the termination of pulsatile urea excretion. There appeared to be no pulsatile release of 5-HT from peripheral tissues to trigger a urea pulse. The second objective was to determine if additional 5-HT receptor subtypes, such as an additional 5-HT2 receptor (5-HT2C receptor) or the 5-HT receptors that are linked to cAMP (5-HT4/6/7 receptors), played a role in the stimulation of urea excretion. Intravenous injection of 5-HT2C, 5-HT4, 5-HT6, and 5-HT7 receptor agonists did not result in a urea pulse, suggesting that these receptors, and thus cAMP, are not involved in stimulating urea excretion. The involvement of circulating 5-HT and the 5-HT2A receptor in the regulation of pulsatile urea excretion may provide insight into its adaptive significance.

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JO - Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology

JF - Journal of Comparative Physiology B: Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology

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