Pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial disease in Florida and association with large-scale natural disasters

Shweta Kambali, Elena Quinonez, Arash Sharifi, Abdolrazagh Hashemi Shahraki, Naresh Kumar, Jayaweera Dushyantha, Mehdi Mirsaeidi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Little is known about the impact of the ecosystem disruption and its contribution on the non-tuberculosis mycobacteria (NTM) diseases (cases) rate in Florida (FL), a state with a high prevalence of NTM in the United States. We aimed to evaluate the epidemiological distribution of NTM in FL and identify its association with extreme weather events. Methods: We used OneFlorida Clinical Research Consortium dataset and extracted data on NTM cases using ICD codes 9- CM 031.0 and ICD-10 A31 during 2012–2018. The number of hurricanes during the study period which affected FL were extracted data from the National Hurricane Center (NHC) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Results: Prevalence of NTM gradually increased during the study period. The rate was 2012: 14.3/100,000, 2015; 20.1/100,000 and 2018; 22.6/100,00 except in 2014 where there was an 8% decrease. The incidences were 2012; 6.5/100,00, 2015; 4.9/100,000 and in 2015; 5.4/100,000. Geographical analysis demonstrated a gradual expansion of the NTM cases in Alachua, and Marion Counties throughout the study period. Notably, the 2018 heat map showed higher prevalence of NTM in the northwestern, panhandle region of FL which had been absent in the heat maps for years 2012–2018. High number of the hurricanes was associated with the higher number of the new cases of NTM infection for years 2012, 2016–2018, while the lower number of the hurricanes was associated with the lower number of the new cases of NTM infection for years 2014–2015. Conclusion: The current study found the prevalence rates of NTM disease in FL rose from 2012 to 2018. A higher prevalence was seen following the hurricanes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2058
JournalBMC public health
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Florida
  • Hurricane
  • Mycobacteria
  • Nontuberculous
  • NTM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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