Psychosocial stressors of drug-abusing disadvantaged adolescent mothers

Frank A. Scafidi, Tiffany M Field, Margarita Prodromidis, Elizabeth Rahdert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Problem Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers (POSIT) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were administered to 55 disadvantaged adolescent mothers who abused drugs during pregnancy and 49 nondrug-abusing disadvantaged adolescent mothers. Results suggested that the drug-abusing mothers were depressed (BDI = 14) while the nondrug-abusing mothers were nondepressed (BDI = 6). In addition, the drug-abusing mothers reported more mental and physical health problems, more problematic family and peer relationships, poorer social skills, more aggressive behavior, less constructive use of leisure time, and a lower educational and vocational status than did non-drug-abusing adolescent mothers. A multiple regression analysis of POSIT scales indicated that the best predictors of drug abuse during pregnancy were mental health status, leisure and recreational activities, and peer relationships. These results highlight the utility of administering the POSIT to identify stressors that place pregnant adolescents at risk for drug abuse.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-100
Number of pages8
JournalAdolescence
Volume32
Issue number125
StatePublished - Mar 1 1997

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Vulnerable Populations
Mothers
adolescent
drug
Pharmaceutical Preparations
drug abuse
Leisure Activities
Depression
pregnancy
Equipment and Supplies
Substance-Related Disorders
Mental Health
recreational activity
leisure time
aggressive behavior
Pregnancy
Educational Status
health status
regression analysis
Health Status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Scafidi, F. A., Field, T. M., Prodromidis, M., & Rahdert, E. (1997). Psychosocial stressors of drug-abusing disadvantaged adolescent mothers. Adolescence, 32(125), 93-100.

Psychosocial stressors of drug-abusing disadvantaged adolescent mothers. / Scafidi, Frank A.; Field, Tiffany M; Prodromidis, Margarita; Rahdert, Elizabeth.

In: Adolescence, Vol. 32, No. 125, 01.03.1997, p. 93-100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Scafidi, FA, Field, TM, Prodromidis, M & Rahdert, E 1997, 'Psychosocial stressors of drug-abusing disadvantaged adolescent mothers', Adolescence, vol. 32, no. 125, pp. 93-100.
Scafidi FA, Field TM, Prodromidis M, Rahdert E. Psychosocial stressors of drug-abusing disadvantaged adolescent mothers. Adolescence. 1997 Mar 1;32(125):93-100.
Scafidi, Frank A. ; Field, Tiffany M ; Prodromidis, Margarita ; Rahdert, Elizabeth. / Psychosocial stressors of drug-abusing disadvantaged adolescent mothers. In: Adolescence. 1997 ; Vol. 32, No. 125. pp. 93-100.
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