Psychosocial risk and management of physical diseases

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

During the 40 years since the Yale conference on Behavioral Medicine and the founding of the Journal of Behavioral Medicine considerable progress has been made in understanding the role of psychosocial risk and management of physical diseases. We here describe the development of these fundamental concepts from early research on stress through studies of the Type A behavior pattern to more contemporary approaches to the relationship between psychosocial risks and benefits in relation to disease processes. This includes the relationship of psychosocial risk to cancers, cardiovascular diseases (CVD), cardiometabolic disorders, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Human Immune Deficiency Syndrome. During the past 40 years the effects of prolonged distress responses in the pathogenesis of some cancers and CVD have been well-established and modifiable behavioral, cognitive and social factors have been shown to produce favorable outcome components in the management of such diseases as breast cancer, coronary heart disease and HIV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-33
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2019

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Chronic diseases
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Psychosocial risk
  • Stress responses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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