Psychosocial and cultural correlates of depression among Hispanic men with HIV infection: A pilot study

J. P. De Santis, R. M. Gonzalez-Guarda, E. P. Vasquez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Depression is a common mental health condition among people living with HIV infection. • About one third of the study's participants were depressed. • A history of substance abuse and child/adult violence was common among the participants. • Healthcare providers need awareness of the intersection of HIV, substance abuse, and violence among Hispanic men with HIV infection. Depression is a common mental health condition among persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Depression influences quality of life, social relationships and adherence to medication therapy. Little is known about depression among Hispanic men with HIV infection. The purpose of this pilot study was to describe the relationships of depression to other psychosocial factors (self-esteem, Hispanic stress, substance abuse and violence) and cultural factors (familism and Hispanic stress) among a sample of Hispanic men with HIV infection. Using a cross-sectional, descriptive research design a convenience sample of 46 Hispanic men with HIV infection was recruited and surveyed from the South Florida area of the USA. The majority of the participants (65%; n=30) were depressed. In addition, the majority of participants reported high familism and self-esteem and low Hispanic stress. A history of substance abuse and childhood and adult violence were common. Significant relationships were noted between depression, and self-esteem, Hispanic stress, substance abuse, and adult physical violence. Healthcare providers need to be aware of the high rates of depression, substance abuse and violence that may occur among Hispanic men with HIV infection. More research is needed to further explore the relationship of these factors, as well as to determine the impact that these variables have on adherence to medication therapy among Hispanic men with HIV infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)860-869
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Volume19
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Hispanics
  • HIV infection
  • Men

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health

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