Psychophysiological and Behavioral Evidence for Varying Forms and Functions of Nonsocial Behavior in Preschoolers

Heather A. Henderson, Peter J. Marshall, Nathan A. Fox, Kenneth H. Rubin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Four-year-old children showing low levels of social behavior in a laboratory play session with unfamiliar peers were classified as reticent (unoccupied or onlooking behaviors) or solitary-passive (solitary constructive or exploratory play). Compared with a group of more social children, the children in both low-social groups were rated high on maternal reports of shyness and displayed a pattern of right frontal EEG asymmetry. However, only the reticent group was elevated on measures indicative of a fearful temperament, both concurrently and retrospectively. A subset of children in the solitary-passive group showed increasing levels of reticent behavior over the course of the visit, suggesting that for some children solitary-passive behaviors provide a means for coping with feelings of unease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-263
Number of pages13
JournalChild Development
Volume75
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

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evidence
Shyness
Temperament
Group
Social Behavior
social behavior
asymmetry
Electroencephalography
Emotions
coping
Mothers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Psychophysiological and Behavioral Evidence for Varying Forms and Functions of Nonsocial Behavior in Preschoolers. / Henderson, Heather A.; Marshall, Peter J.; Fox, Nathan A.; Rubin, Kenneth H.

In: Child Development, Vol. 75, No. 1, 01.01.2004, p. 251-263.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Henderson, Heather A. ; Marshall, Peter J. ; Fox, Nathan A. ; Rubin, Kenneth H. / Psychophysiological and Behavioral Evidence for Varying Forms and Functions of Nonsocial Behavior in Preschoolers. In: Child Development. 2004 ; Vol. 75, No. 1. pp. 251-263.
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