Psychometric vs. attentional correlates of early onset alcohol and substance abuse

David L. Pogge, John Stokes, Philip D. Harvey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adolescent inpatients with a diagnosis of alcohol abuse (n=28), nonalcohol substance abuse disorders (n=15), or psychiatric disorders without substance abuse (n=46) were examined on measures of attentional, intellectual, and personality functioning. High scores on a personality measure, the Substance Abuse Proclivity Scale (SAP), was the best predictor of substance abuse in general. Alcohol abusers were differentiated from other substance abusers by their increased impairment on the Continuous Performance Test. Adolescents with alcohol abuse did not manifest the types of cognitive impairments associated with chronic alcoholism. These data suggest that certain attentional impairments may be associated with early onset alcohol abuse and that earlier conceptions of the role of attentional impairments in risk prediction for alcohol abuse are supported.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-162
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume20
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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