Psychological stress, exercise and immunity

F. M. Perna, Neil Schneiderman, A. LaPerriere

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In terms of cardiovascular, endocrine and immune responses, acute high-intensity aerobic exercise stress may be considered as a subcategory of stressful active coping. The cardiorespiratory responses of both include increases in heart rate, cardiac output, systolic blood pressure, skeletal muscle vasodilation and oxygen consumption. Neurohormonal responses include increases in catecholamines as well as elevations in cortisol under high but not relatively low sympathetic activation. Immune system responses include increases in natural killer (NK) cell number and cytotoxicity and suppressor/cytotoxic lymphocytes as well as decreased proliferative response to mitogens. Taste and recovery periods for both acute psychological stress or exercise show biphasic changes in immune response such that immune status is negatively impacted during recovery. Chronic life stressors influence acute cardiovascular, endocrine and immune responses to acute stressors. In addition, both chronic stress and unusually heavy chronic exercise can negatively impact immune status. Given impaired immune status following chronic stress and interactive effects of acute acid chronic stressors (e,g. blunted acute NK responses to acute stressors), it is suggested that these factors may extend the window of vulnerability for infectious agents to act following acute psychological (e.g. examinations) or strenuous exercise (competitive athletics) stressors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine, Supplement
Volume18
Issue number1
StatePublished - Aug 6 1997

Fingerprint

Psychological Stress
Immunity
Blood Pressure
Mitogens
Vasodilation
Oxygen Consumption
Natural Killer Cells
Cardiac Output
Catecholamines
Sports
Hydrocortisone
Immune System
Skeletal Muscle
Cell Count
Heart Rate
Lymphocytes
Exercise
Psychology
Acids

Keywords

  • Acute stressors
  • Chronic stressors
  • Exercise stress
  • Immune status
  • Neuroendocrines
  • Psychological stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology

Cite this

Psychological stress, exercise and immunity. / Perna, F. M.; Schneiderman, Neil; LaPerriere, A.

In: International Journal of Sports Medicine, Supplement, Vol. 18, No. 1, 06.08.1997.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{dde06d76f0bc4024b271673b223e9609,
title = "Psychological stress, exercise and immunity",
abstract = "In terms of cardiovascular, endocrine and immune responses, acute high-intensity aerobic exercise stress may be considered as a subcategory of stressful active coping. The cardiorespiratory responses of both include increases in heart rate, cardiac output, systolic blood pressure, skeletal muscle vasodilation and oxygen consumption. Neurohormonal responses include increases in catecholamines as well as elevations in cortisol under high but not relatively low sympathetic activation. Immune system responses include increases in natural killer (NK) cell number and cytotoxicity and suppressor/cytotoxic lymphocytes as well as decreased proliferative response to mitogens. Taste and recovery periods for both acute psychological stress or exercise show biphasic changes in immune response such that immune status is negatively impacted during recovery. Chronic life stressors influence acute cardiovascular, endocrine and immune responses to acute stressors. In addition, both chronic stress and unusually heavy chronic exercise can negatively impact immune status. Given impaired immune status following chronic stress and interactive effects of acute acid chronic stressors (e,g. blunted acute NK responses to acute stressors), it is suggested that these factors may extend the window of vulnerability for infectious agents to act following acute psychological (e.g. examinations) or strenuous exercise (competitive athletics) stressors.",
keywords = "Acute stressors, Chronic stressors, Exercise stress, Immune status, Neuroendocrines, Psychological stress",
author = "Perna, {F. M.} and Neil Schneiderman and A. LaPerriere",
year = "1997",
month = "8",
day = "6",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
journal = "International Journal of Sports Medicine, Supplement",
issn = "0943-917X",
publisher = "Georg Thieme Verlag",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Psychological stress, exercise and immunity

AU - Perna, F. M.

AU - Schneiderman, Neil

AU - LaPerriere, A.

PY - 1997/8/6

Y1 - 1997/8/6

N2 - In terms of cardiovascular, endocrine and immune responses, acute high-intensity aerobic exercise stress may be considered as a subcategory of stressful active coping. The cardiorespiratory responses of both include increases in heart rate, cardiac output, systolic blood pressure, skeletal muscle vasodilation and oxygen consumption. Neurohormonal responses include increases in catecholamines as well as elevations in cortisol under high but not relatively low sympathetic activation. Immune system responses include increases in natural killer (NK) cell number and cytotoxicity and suppressor/cytotoxic lymphocytes as well as decreased proliferative response to mitogens. Taste and recovery periods for both acute psychological stress or exercise show biphasic changes in immune response such that immune status is negatively impacted during recovery. Chronic life stressors influence acute cardiovascular, endocrine and immune responses to acute stressors. In addition, both chronic stress and unusually heavy chronic exercise can negatively impact immune status. Given impaired immune status following chronic stress and interactive effects of acute acid chronic stressors (e,g. blunted acute NK responses to acute stressors), it is suggested that these factors may extend the window of vulnerability for infectious agents to act following acute psychological (e.g. examinations) or strenuous exercise (competitive athletics) stressors.

AB - In terms of cardiovascular, endocrine and immune responses, acute high-intensity aerobic exercise stress may be considered as a subcategory of stressful active coping. The cardiorespiratory responses of both include increases in heart rate, cardiac output, systolic blood pressure, skeletal muscle vasodilation and oxygen consumption. Neurohormonal responses include increases in catecholamines as well as elevations in cortisol under high but not relatively low sympathetic activation. Immune system responses include increases in natural killer (NK) cell number and cytotoxicity and suppressor/cytotoxic lymphocytes as well as decreased proliferative response to mitogens. Taste and recovery periods for both acute psychological stress or exercise show biphasic changes in immune response such that immune status is negatively impacted during recovery. Chronic life stressors influence acute cardiovascular, endocrine and immune responses to acute stressors. In addition, both chronic stress and unusually heavy chronic exercise can negatively impact immune status. Given impaired immune status following chronic stress and interactive effects of acute acid chronic stressors (e,g. blunted acute NK responses to acute stressors), it is suggested that these factors may extend the window of vulnerability for infectious agents to act following acute psychological (e.g. examinations) or strenuous exercise (competitive athletics) stressors.

KW - Acute stressors

KW - Chronic stressors

KW - Exercise stress

KW - Immune status

KW - Neuroendocrines

KW - Psychological stress

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030760861&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030760861&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 9129266

AN - SCOPUS:0030760861

VL - 18

JO - International Journal of Sports Medicine, Supplement

JF - International Journal of Sports Medicine, Supplement

SN - 0943-917X

IS - 1

ER -