Reviews the psychological factors of diabetes with respect to etiology, psychological impact and adjustment to the disease, family dynamics, and psychological programs to aid diabetes management. Stress appears to influence metabolism both directly and indirectly. Little evidence exists for a consistent pattern of traits that typifies diabetes or poor management of the disease. Several studies have shown diverse psychological problems related to diabetes, especially in the area of social problems and peer relationships among juveniles. A variety of psychological interventions may be helpful in the care of diabetes; however, none of these are conclusively useful. Research should clarify the role of stress and stress management and focus on psychological factors related to metabolic control. Treatment research needs careful specification of interventions and measurement of both behavioral and metabolic outcomes so that connections among them may be assessed. (97 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).
- adjustment &
- impact &
- psychological factors in etiology &
- treatment of diabetes, literature review
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health