Dyspnea is a common symptom of heart failure frequently relied upon to assess clinical functioning. The purpose of this study is to explore a broad range of medical, psychological, and social factors that correlate with dyspnea in heart failure patients. Seventy-six participants ranged from well-compensated, ambulatory subjects to those with recent hospitalization for acutely decompensated heart failure. The sample was predominantly male, mean age of 63.5 years, with mild depressive symptoms in 25%. Correlation analysis revealed that dyspnea significantly correlated with depression, fatigue, and overall health perception. Standard regression analyses indicated that depression, fatigue, and overall health perception uniquely contributed to dyspnea, explaining 38.0% of the total variance. The present study confirms that dyspnea is multifactorial, with links to psychological distress and overall health perception.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Applied Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health