Psychological and social adjustment in refugee adolescents: The role of parents' and adolescents' friendships

Savaş Karataş, Elisabetta Crocetti, Seth J. Schwartz, Monica Rubini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Friendships have important implications for adolescents' psychological and social adjustment. However, there is still limited evidence on how different same-ethnic and cross-ethnic friendships are formed and regarding their role in refugee adjustment. Therefore, the present study was designed to examine the interplay of parents' and adolescents' same-ethnic and cross-ethnic friendships with adolescents' own psychological and social adjustment among refugee adolescents. Participants were 208 Syrian refugees (71.2% female; Mage = 15.35, SDage = 0.95) in the Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey. Findings indicated that refugee parents' same-ethnic and cross-ethnic friendships were positively related to their children's same-ethnic and cross-ethnic friendships. Moreover, parents' same-ethnic friendships were negatively linked with adolescents' social well-being, whereas parents' cross-ethnic friendships were positively related to adolescents' social well-being. Furthermore, adolescents' same-ethnic and cross-ethnic friendships were both positively related to adolescents' social well-being, and cross-ethnic friendships were also positively associated with psychological well-being. These findings suggest that adolescents' cross-ethnic friendships mediated the positive associations of parents' cross-ethnic friendships with adolescents' social and psychological well-being. Overall, our study provides novel insights into the protective roles of diverse friendships for refugee adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-139
Number of pages17
JournalNew Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
Volume2021
Issue number176
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021

Keywords

  • cross-ethnic friendships
  • migration
  • parents
  • refugees
  • same-ethnic friendships

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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