Psychiatric symptoms and HIV risk in MMPI-2 cluster subgroups of polysubstance abusers in treatment

Robert McMahon, R. M. Malow, F. J. Penedo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This investigation identified personality subgroups based upon cluster analysis of MMPI-2 records of polysubstance abusers. Subgroups were compared on lifetime and current psychiatric symptoms and on attitudes and behaviors linked with HIV infection risk. High psychopathology, mild psychopathology, and subclinical MMPI-2 cluster types were identified which resemble those that have been identified in earlier studies with the original version of the MMPI. The High Psychopathology Subgroup had significantly higher proportions with all lifetime psychiatric problems (ASI), higher levels of all current psychiatric symptoms (SCL-90), and lower levels of confidence in ability to enact safer sexual practices than the Subclinical Cluster Subgroup. Fewer differences in lifetime and concurrent psychiatric symptoms were found in comparisons involving High Pathology and Mild Pathology cluster subgroups and Mild Psychopathology and Subclinical cluster subgroups. Those in the High Psychopathology Subgroup likely need treatment programs lems and interventions that target their judgment and problem solving limitations that may increase HIV infection risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-40
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Addictive Diseases
Volume20
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 10 2001

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MMPI
Psychopathology
Psychiatry
HIV
HIV Infections
Pathology
Aptitude
Cluster Analysis
Personality

Keywords

  • Symptoms and HIV risk in AOD abuser subgroups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Psychiatric symptoms and HIV risk in MMPI-2 cluster subgroups of polysubstance abusers in treatment. / McMahon, Robert; Malow, R. M.; Penedo, F. J.

In: Journal of Addictive Diseases, Vol. 20, No. 4, 10.12.2001, p. 27-40.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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