Proximal impact of two first-grade preventive interventions on the early risk behaviors for later substance abuse, depression, and antisocial behavior

Nicholas S. Ialongo, Lisa Werthamer, Sheppard G. Kellam, C. Hendricks Brown, Songbai Wang, Yuhua Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

281 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We assessed the immediate effects of two universal, first-grade preventive interventions on the proximal targets of poor achievement, concentration problems, aggression, and shy behaviors, known early risk behaviors for later substance use/abuse, affective disorder, and conduct disorder. The classroom-centered (CC) intervention was designed to reduce these early risk behaviors by enhancing teachers' behavior management and instructional skills, whereas the family-school partnership (FSP) intervention was aimed at improving parent-teacher communication and parental teaching and child behavior management strategies. Over the course of first and second grades, the CC intervention yielded the greatest degree of impact on its proximal targets, whereas the FSP's impact was somewhat less. The effects were influenced by gender and by preintervention levels of risk. Analyses of implementation measures demonstrated that greater fidelity to the intervention protocols was associated with greater impact on behavior ratings and on achievement scores, thus providing some evidence of specificity in the effect of the interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-641
Number of pages43
JournalAmerican Journal of Community Psychology
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1999

Fingerprint

Risk-Taking
risk behavior
substance abuse
Substance-Related Disorders
Depression
Conduct Disorder
Child Behavior
Aggression
Mood Disorders
Teaching
Communication
classroom
teachers' behavior
management
aggression
parents
abuse
school grade
rating
communication

Keywords

  • Academic achievement
  • Aggression
  • Children
  • Elementary school
  • Preventive intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Proximal impact of two first-grade preventive interventions on the early risk behaviors for later substance abuse, depression, and antisocial behavior. / Ialongo, Nicholas S.; Werthamer, Lisa; Kellam, Sheppard G.; Brown, C. Hendricks; Wang, Songbai; Lin, Yuhua.

In: American Journal of Community Psychology, Vol. 27, No. 5, 01.10.1999, p. 599-641.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ialongo, Nicholas S. ; Werthamer, Lisa ; Kellam, Sheppard G. ; Brown, C. Hendricks ; Wang, Songbai ; Lin, Yuhua. / Proximal impact of two first-grade preventive interventions on the early risk behaviors for later substance abuse, depression, and antisocial behavior. In: American Journal of Community Psychology. 1999 ; Vol. 27, No. 5. pp. 599-641.
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