Protons and High-Linear Energy Transfer Radiation Induce Genetically Similar Lymphomas With High Penetrance in a Mouse Model of the Aging Human Hematopoietic System

Rutulkumar Patel, Luchang Zhang, Amar Desai, Mark J. Hoenerhoff, Lucy H. Kennedy, Tomas Radivoyevitch, Chiara La Tessa, Stanton L. Gerson, Scott M. Welford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Humans are exposed to charged particles in different scenarios. The use of protons and high-linear energy transfer (LET) in cancer treatment is steadily growing. In outer space, astronauts will be exposed to a mixed radiation field composed of both protons and heavy ions, in particularly the long-term space missions outside of earth's magnetosphere. Thus, understanding the radiobiology and transforming potential of these types of ionizing radiation are of paramount importance. Methods and Materials: We examined the effect of 10 or 100 cGy of whole-body doses of protons or 28Si ions on the hematopoietic system of a genetic model of aging based on recent studies that showed selective loss of the MLH1 protein in human hematopoietic stems with age. Results: We found that Mlh1 deficient animals are highly prone to develop lymphomas when exposed to either low doses of protons or 28Si ions. The lymphomas that develop are genetically indistinguishable, in spite of different types of damage elicited by low- and high-LET radiation. RNA sequencing analyses reveal similar gene expression patterns, similar numbers of altered genes, similar numbers of single nucleotide variants and insertions and deletions, and similar activation of known leukemogenic loci. Conclusions: Although the incidence of malignancy is related to radiation quality, and increased due to loss of Mlh1, the phenotype of the tumors is independent of LET.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1091-1102
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume108
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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