Proton-decoupled, 31P three-dimensional (3-D) chemical shift imaging (CSI) spectra have been acquired from the entire human brain using a new dual tuned resonator. The resonator operates in quadrature mode to provide improved sensitivity, excellent B1 homogeneity and reduced power deposition at both frequencies. Proton-decoupled and fully NOE enhanced, 31P spectra were acquired from normal volunteers using Waltz-4 proton decoupling with continuous wave bi-level excitation applied through a second radio frequency channel. Well resolved peaks in the phosphomonoester (PME) and phosphodiester regions were obtained from nonlocalized FIDs and spectra localized with 3-D CSI without processing for resolution enhancement. pH measurements made over large regions of the brain using the P(i) resonance show no significant variations (6.9 +/- 0.02) for a single individual. The improved spectral resolution and sensitivity of the PME resonances results in more well defined metabolite images of the PME peak region.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging