Protein electrophoresis as a diagnostic and prognostic tool in raptor medicine

Lisa M. Tatum, Julia Zaias, Brian K. Mealey, Carolyn Cray, Gregory D. Bossart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


Plasma proteins of 139 healthy adult birds of prey from 10 species were separated by electrophoresis to characterize and document normal reference ranges and species-specific electrophoretic patterns and to evaluate the value of this technique for health screening, disease diagnosis, and prognostic indication. Species studied included bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus), red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis), barn owl (Tyto alba), great horned owl (Bubo virginianus), turkey vulture (Cathartes aura), Harris' hawk (Parabuteo unicinctus), Stellar's sea eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus), barred owl (Strix varia), screech owl (Otus asio), and black vulture (Coragyps atratus). Several clinical cases show the diagnostic/therapeutic value of protein electrophoresis in raptors. This study establishes species-specific reference ranges for several birds of prey and discusses the benefit of electrophoresis as a diagnostic technique in health screens, as a diagnostic aid in conjunction with other tests, and as a prognostic indicator in clinical evaluation of raptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)497-502
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2000


  • Clinical pathology
  • Electrophoresis
  • Medicine
  • Osteomyelitis
  • Raptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • veterinary(all)


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