Propensity-matched analysis of stage-specific efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy for bladder cancer

Felix V. Chen, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Feng Miao, Joshua S. Jue, Mahmoud Alameddine, Devina J. Dave, Sanoj Punnen, Dipen J. Parekh, Chad R. Ritch, Mark L. Gonzalgo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Contemporary randomized controlled trials exploring adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) for bladder cancer (BCa) have yielded inconsistent results due to premature termination and/or poor patient accrual. Objective: To compare efficacy of AC vs. observation after radical cystectomy stratified by disease stage in a propensity-matched cohort. Design, setting, and participants: We performed a retrospective study that included patients who underwent radical cystectomy for any pT, N0-1, M0 BCa from the National Cancer Data Base (2004–2014). Patients who underwent AC were 1:1 propensity matched with patients who received observation only. Outcome measurements and statistical analysis: Overall survival was assessed with multivariable Cox regression models where adjusted hazard ratios (aHR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated. Results and limitations: After coarsened exact 1:1 propensity matching, 3,066 patients (AC 1,533; observation 1,533) were included in the analysis. There were no significant differences in patient-, facility-, or tumor-level characteristics among cohorts. Compared with patients who underwent observation, recipients of AC had improved overall survival (aHR 0.67; 95% CI 0.61–0.74). Patients with pT2-4, pN1 disease significantly benefited from AC. Among the pN0 cohort, improved survival from AC was observed only in stages pT3 (aHR 0.67; 95% CI 0.55–0.83) and pT4 (aHR 0.70; 95% CI 0.50–0.98). Conclusions: AC was associated with improved survival in locally advanced (pT3-4, pN0) and regionally advanced (pT2-4, pN1) chemotherapy-naive BCa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)877-885
Number of pages9
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2019


  • Adjuvant chemotherapy
  • Bladder cancer
  • National Cancer Data Base
  • Perioperative chemotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology


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