Promotion as prevention: Positive youth development as protective against tobacco, alcohol, illicit drug, and sex initiation

Seth J Schwartz, Erin Phelps, Jacqueline V. Lerner, Shi Huang, C. Hendricks Brown, Selva Lewin-Bizan, Yibing Li, Richard M. Lerner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study was designed to examine the association of positive youth development with the likelihood of tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, hard drug, and sex initiation between 5th and 10th grades. A national, largely middle-class sample of 5,305 adolescents, participating in a longitudinal study funded by the National 4-H Council (although not all participants were enrolled in 4-H or other after-school programs), completed measures of positive youth development (PYD) constructs and of tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and hard drug use once per year between 5th and 10th grades. At the 9th and 10th grade assessments, adolescents were asked whether they had initiated sexual intercourse and, if so, at what age they had first engaged in intercourse. Although the present sample was somewhat lower risk compared to national averages, survival analysis models indicated that PYD was significantly and negatively associated with the initiation hazards for tobacco use, marijuana use, and sex initiation for girls only, and with hard drug use for both genders. PYD was also positively associated with the odds of condom use across genders. Results are discussed with regard to PYD as a preventive process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-211
Number of pages15
JournalApplied Developmental Science
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010

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Street Drugs
nicotine
Tobacco
promotion
alcohol
Alcohols
drug
school grade
Cannabis
drug use
adolescent
gender
model analysis
Pharmaceutical Preparations
middle class
longitudinal study
Coitus
Condoms
Tobacco Use
Survival Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Life-span and Life-course Studies
  • Applied Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Promotion as prevention : Positive youth development as protective against tobacco, alcohol, illicit drug, and sex initiation. / Schwartz, Seth J; Phelps, Erin; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; Huang, Shi; Brown, C. Hendricks; Lewin-Bizan, Selva; Li, Yibing; Lerner, Richard M.

In: Applied Developmental Science, Vol. 14, No. 4, 01.10.2010, p. 197-211.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schwartz, Seth J ; Phelps, Erin ; Lerner, Jacqueline V. ; Huang, Shi ; Brown, C. Hendricks ; Lewin-Bizan, Selva ; Li, Yibing ; Lerner, Richard M. / Promotion as prevention : Positive youth development as protective against tobacco, alcohol, illicit drug, and sex initiation. In: Applied Developmental Science. 2010 ; Vol. 14, No. 4. pp. 197-211.
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