Allorejection and recurrence of autoimmunity are the major barriers to transplantation of islets of Langerhans for the cure of type I diabetes in humans. CD40-CD154 (CD40 ligand) interaction blockade by the use of anti-CD154 monoclonal antibody (mAb) has shown efficacy in preventing allorejection in several models of organ and cell transplantation. Here we report the beneficial effect of the chronic administration of a hamster anti-murine CD154 mAb, MR1, in prolonging islet graft survival in NOD mice. We explored the transplantation of C57BL/6 islets into spontaneously diabetic NOD mice, a combination in which both allogeneic and autoimmune components are implicated in graft loss. Recipients were treated either with an irrelevant control antibody or with MR1. MR1 administration was effective in prolonging allograft survival, but did not provide permanent protection from diabetes recurrence. The autoimmune component of graft loss was studied in spontaneously diabetic NOD mice that received syngeneic islets from young male NOD mice. In this combination, a less dramatic yet substantial delay in diabetes recurrence was observed in the MR1-treated recipients when compared with the control group. Finally, the allogeneic component was explored by transplanting C57BL/6 islets into chemically induced diabetic male NOD mice. In this setting, long-term graft survival (>100 days) was achieved in MR1-treated mice, whereas control recipients rejected their grafts within 25 days. In conclusion, chronic blockade of CD154 results in permanent protection from allorejection and significantly delays recurrence of diabetes in NOD mice.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism