Proliferation of Aedes aegypti in urban environments mediated by the availability of key aquatic habitats

André Barretto Bruno Wilke, Chalmers Vasquez, Augusto Carvajal, Johana Medina, Catherine Chase, Gabriel Cardenas, John Paul Mutebi, William D. Petrie, John C. Beier

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Abstract

Aedes aegypti is the main vector of dengue, Zika, chikungunya, and yellow fever viruses. Controlling populations of vector mosquito species in urban environments is a major challenge and being able to determine what aquatic habitats should be prioritized for controlling Ae. aegypti populations is key to the development of more effective mosquito control strategies. Therefore, our objective was to leverage on the Miami-Dade County, Florida immature mosquito surveillance system based on requested by citizen complaints through 311 calls to determine what are the most important aquatic habitats in the proliferation of Ae. aegypti in Miami. We used a tobit model for Ae. aegypti larvae and pupae count data, type and count of aquatic habitats, and daily rainfall. Our results revealed that storm drains had 45% lower percentage of Ae. aegypti larvae over the total of larvae and pupae adjusted for daily rainfall when compared to tires, followed by bromeliads with 33% and garbage cans with 17%. These results are indicating that storm drains, bromeliads and garbage cans had significantly more pupae in relation to larvae when compared to tires, traditionally know as productive aquatic habitats for Ae. aegypti. Ultimately, the methodology and results from this study can be used by mosquito control agencies to identify habitats that should be prioritized in mosquito management and control actions, as well as to guide and improve policies and increase community awareness and engagement. Moreover, by targeting the most productive aquatic habitats this approach will allow the development of critical emergency outbreak responses by directing the control response efforts to the most productive aquatic habitats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number12925
JournalScientific reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

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    Wilke, A. B. B., Vasquez, C., Carvajal, A., Medina, J., Chase, C., Cardenas, G., Mutebi, J. P., Petrie, W. D., & Beier, J. C. (2020). Proliferation of Aedes aegypti in urban environments mediated by the availability of key aquatic habitats. Scientific reports, 10(1), [12925]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-69759-5