Project SHINE: Effects of parent-adolescent communication on sedentary behavior in african american adolescents

Sara M. St. George, Dawn K. Wilson, Elizabeth M. Schneider, Kassandra A. Alia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective This study examined parenting variables (communication, monitoring) as moderators of a family-based intervention for reducing sedentary behavior (SB) in African American adolescents. As a secondary aim, a similar model was tested using adolescent weight status as the outcome. Methods African American adolescents (n = 73; 12.45 ± 1.45 years; 60% girls; 63% overweight/obese) and caregivers were randomized to a 6-week interactive, parent-based intervention or general health condition. Parent-adolescent communication and monitoring of health behaviors were self-reported by parents. Adolescent SB was self-reported by youth. Results There was a significant intervention by communication interaction, such that intervention families with more positive communication showed lower adolescent SB than those with less positive communication or those in the comparison condition. No effects were found for monitoring on SB or for the model with weight status as the outcome. Conclusions Parent-adolescent communication may be an effective component to integrate into health promotion programs for African American adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)997-1009
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of pediatric psychology
Volume38
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

Keywords

  • African American
  • adolescents
  • family-based intervention
  • parent-adolescent communication
  • sedentary behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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