Productive activities and subjective well-being among older adults

The influence of number of activities and time commitment

Lindsey A. Baker, Lawrence P Cahalin, Kerstin Gerst, Jeffrey A. Burr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

125 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examines relationships among three measures of subjective well-being (life satisfaction, happiness and depressive symptoms), and two global measures of productive activity (number of activities and time commitment). We argue that participation in multiple productive activities should increase subjective well-being because these behaviors increase social integration and provide meaningful social roles. Using the first two waves of the Americans' Changing Lives survey, we estimate a series of OLS and ordered logistic regression models to examine this issue among a sample of respondents 60 years old and older. Our multivariate regression results show that as time committed to productive activities increases, life satisfaction increases. Both increasing numbers of productive activities and increasing time commitment predict higher levels of happiness. Also, we find only modest support for a relationship between productive activities and the number of and changes in depressive symptoms. Our results provide support for the idea that engaging in productive activities is beneficial to older persons' well-being, implying confirmation of the role enhancement hypothesis and demonstrating the importance of social integration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)431-458
Number of pages28
JournalSocial Indicators Research
Volume73
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Happiness
well-being
commitment
Logistic Models
Depression
social integration
happiness
regression
Social Role
time
Subjective Well-being
logistics
Surveys and Questionnaires
participation
Life Satisfaction
Depressive Symptoms
Social Integration

Keywords

  • Older persons
  • Productive activities
  • Subjective well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Productive activities and subjective well-being among older adults : The influence of number of activities and time commitment. / Baker, Lindsey A.; Cahalin, Lawrence P; Gerst, Kerstin; Burr, Jeffrey A.

In: Social Indicators Research, Vol. 73, No. 3, 01.09.2005, p. 431-458.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{8819c8f23e6a49ff9fe57c17639f904b,
title = "Productive activities and subjective well-being among older adults: The influence of number of activities and time commitment",
abstract = "This study examines relationships among three measures of subjective well-being (life satisfaction, happiness and depressive symptoms), and two global measures of productive activity (number of activities and time commitment). We argue that participation in multiple productive activities should increase subjective well-being because these behaviors increase social integration and provide meaningful social roles. Using the first two waves of the Americans' Changing Lives survey, we estimate a series of OLS and ordered logistic regression models to examine this issue among a sample of respondents 60 years old and older. Our multivariate regression results show that as time committed to productive activities increases, life satisfaction increases. Both increasing numbers of productive activities and increasing time commitment predict higher levels of happiness. Also, we find only modest support for a relationship between productive activities and the number of and changes in depressive symptoms. Our results provide support for the idea that engaging in productive activities is beneficial to older persons' well-being, implying confirmation of the role enhancement hypothesis and demonstrating the importance of social integration.",
keywords = "Older persons, Productive activities, Subjective well-being",
author = "Baker, {Lindsey A.} and Cahalin, {Lawrence P} and Kerstin Gerst and Burr, {Jeffrey A.}",
year = "2005",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11205-005-0805-6",
language = "English",
volume = "73",
pages = "431--458",
journal = "Social Indicators Research",
issn = "0303-8300",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Productive activities and subjective well-being among older adults

T2 - The influence of number of activities and time commitment

AU - Baker, Lindsey A.

AU - Cahalin, Lawrence P

AU - Gerst, Kerstin

AU - Burr, Jeffrey A.

PY - 2005/9/1

Y1 - 2005/9/1

N2 - This study examines relationships among three measures of subjective well-being (life satisfaction, happiness and depressive symptoms), and two global measures of productive activity (number of activities and time commitment). We argue that participation in multiple productive activities should increase subjective well-being because these behaviors increase social integration and provide meaningful social roles. Using the first two waves of the Americans' Changing Lives survey, we estimate a series of OLS and ordered logistic regression models to examine this issue among a sample of respondents 60 years old and older. Our multivariate regression results show that as time committed to productive activities increases, life satisfaction increases. Both increasing numbers of productive activities and increasing time commitment predict higher levels of happiness. Also, we find only modest support for a relationship between productive activities and the number of and changes in depressive symptoms. Our results provide support for the idea that engaging in productive activities is beneficial to older persons' well-being, implying confirmation of the role enhancement hypothesis and demonstrating the importance of social integration.

AB - This study examines relationships among three measures of subjective well-being (life satisfaction, happiness and depressive symptoms), and two global measures of productive activity (number of activities and time commitment). We argue that participation in multiple productive activities should increase subjective well-being because these behaviors increase social integration and provide meaningful social roles. Using the first two waves of the Americans' Changing Lives survey, we estimate a series of OLS and ordered logistic regression models to examine this issue among a sample of respondents 60 years old and older. Our multivariate regression results show that as time committed to productive activities increases, life satisfaction increases. Both increasing numbers of productive activities and increasing time commitment predict higher levels of happiness. Also, we find only modest support for a relationship between productive activities and the number of and changes in depressive symptoms. Our results provide support for the idea that engaging in productive activities is beneficial to older persons' well-being, implying confirmation of the role enhancement hypothesis and demonstrating the importance of social integration.

KW - Older persons

KW - Productive activities

KW - Subjective well-being

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=23944480692&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=23944480692&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11205-005-0805-6

DO - 10.1007/s11205-005-0805-6

M3 - Article

VL - 73

SP - 431

EP - 458

JO - Social Indicators Research

JF - Social Indicators Research

SN - 0303-8300

IS - 3

ER -