Processes of music therapy: Clinical and scientific rationales and models

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


This article reviews behavioural, psychoanalytic, and humanistic music therapy. It then discusses Neurologic Music Therapy (NMT), the Rational-Scientific Mediating Model (R-SMM), and the Transformational Design Model (TDM). NMT techniques address cognitive, sensory, and motor dysfunction resulting from disease of the human nervous system. NMT theory is founded in a neuroscience model of music perception, known as the R-SMM, which explains how music functions as a mediating stimulus. The R-SMM provides clear guidelines for conducting research regarding music's therapeutic effects. A supplemental model is needed, however, to assist the clinician in translating research findings from the R-SMM into everyday practice. TDM meets this need by providing a systematic, step-by-step approach to designing, implementing, and evaluating clinical interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Music Psychology
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780191743931, 9780199298457
StatePublished - Dec 4 2008


  • Behavioural music therapy
  • Humanistic music therapy
  • Music psychology
  • Neurologic Music Therapy
  • Psychoanalytic Music Therapy
  • R-SMM
  • Transformational Design Model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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