87 reflective and 86 impulsive 7-, 9-, and 11-yr-old children (determined by Matching Familiar Figures Test scores) were given a series of 5 problem-solving tasks in which they were required to determine the correct solution from a number of equiprobable solutions by gathering information that eliminated incorrect alternatives. Results indicate that the relative impact of cognitive style on problem solving varied with developmental level and the type of problem that was solved. Cognitive style had the greatest impact on the performance and strategy behavior of 7- and 11-yr-olds. No significant differences were found between reflective and impulsive 9-yr-olds on any measure. Nevertheless, when cognitive style was a significant contributor to performance, reflective children processed task information more efficiently than impulsive children and used more systematic and/or developmentally mature strategies. (23 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).
- cognitive style & developmental level & type of problem, strategies used in solving problems with equiprobable solutions, reflective vs impulsive 7 & 9 & 11 yr olds
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology