Proactive Semantic Interference is Associated with Total and Regional Abnormal Amyloid Load in Non-Demented Community-Dwelling Elders: A Preliminary Study

David Loewenstein, Maria T. Greig, Rosie Curiel Cid, Rosemarie Rodriguez, Meredith Wicklund, Warren W. Barker, Jacqueline Hidalgo, Marian Rosado, Ranjan Duara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate the relationship between susceptibility to proactive semantic interference (PSI) and retroactive semantic interference (RSI) and brain amyloid load in non-demented elders. Methods: 27 participants (11 cognitively normal [CN] with subjective memory complaints, 8 CN without memory complaints, and 8 with mild cognitive impairment [MCI]) underwent complete neurological and neuropsychological evaluations. Participants also received the Semantic Interference Test (SIT) and AV-45 amyloid PET imaging. Results: High levels of association were present between total amyloid load, regional amyloid levels, and the PSI measure (in the entire sample and a subsample excluding MCI subjects). RSI and other memory measures showed much weaker associations or no associations with total and regional amyloid load. No associations between amyloid levels and non-memory performance were observed. Conclusions: In non-demented individuals, vulnerability to PSI was highly associated with total and regional beta-amyloid load and may be an early cognitive marker of brain pathology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1276-1279
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015



  • Amyloid
  • MCI
  • proactive interference
  • semantic interference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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