More than 20 years ago, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was introduced as a non-invasive method to stimulate the brain of intact conscious human subjects painlessly through the scalp. Since then, an increasing number of studies in the field of motor control have used TMS to gain understanding on different aspects of human cortical physiology. In this review we will discuss the mechanisms by which TMS excites cortical neurons and the available evidence on which neuronal elements are excited by TMS, the electrophysiological markers of motor cortical function that can be examined by TMS and the role of TMS in the study of brain plasticity and motor learning.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Pain. Brain Stimulation in the Treatment of Pain|
|Publisher||Nova Science Publishers, Inc.|
|Number of pages||15|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2011|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Sciences(all)