The clinical and pathologic features of 8 primary myoepitheliomas of bone were analyzed. There were 5 female and 3 male patients who ranged in age from 16 to 49 (mean, 33.5) years. Three tumors arose in the ilium, 2 in the tibia, and 1 each in the maxilla, sacrum, and L1 vertebral body. Microscopically, the tumors had a solid, lobulated, reticular, or storiform growth pattern and were predominantly composed of spindle-shaped cells arranged in intersecting fascicles with eosinophilic cytoplasm. The round to polygonal epithelioid cells were arranged randomly or formed small clusters and contained variable amounts of eosinophilic or clear cytoplasm. Immunohistochemically, all the tumors were positive for vimentin and S100 protein, and 7 were positive for epithelial membrane antigen. No tumors were positive for keratin (AE1.3/CAM5.2). Smooth muscle actin was positive in 3 tumors and negative in 4, whereas desmin was negative in all 7 tumors tested. Nuclear staining for p63 was negative in 3 tested tumors. Staining for GFAP and CD34 was performed on 4 and 5 tumors, respectively, and all showed no expression. Fluorescence in situ hybridization for EWSR1 rearrangement was performed in 7 tumors. Five tumors (71%) showed the presence of EWSR1 gene rearrangement, and 2 were negative. Cytogenetic studies conducted on 1 tumor showed 46,XY,t(1;22)(q21;q12) associated with EWSR1-PBX1 fusion. Surgical procedures included curettage in 3 patients, resection in 3 patients, and 2 patients only had an open biopsy. Follow-up information was available for 4 patients; all remain free of disease with no recurrence. Although experience with primary myoepithelioma of bone is limited, histologically, banal tumors appear to behave in a benign manner, and conservative surgery appears to be sufficient treatment. Immunohistochemical and molecular analyses are helpful in their accurate identification.
- Benign mixed tumor
- Malignant mixed tumor
- Primary bone tumors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine