Primary hypothyroidism and chronotypes in adult women

Marilyn A. Arosemena, Alberto R. Ramos, Erin N. Marcus, Katarzyna A. Slota, Joseph Cheung, Pablo R. Castillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Abnormal thyroid function may disrupt sleep architecture. We aimed to determine the frequency of various chronotypes in women with hypothyroidism. We performed a single-center retrospective study at an ambulatory clinic from January 2013-December 2015. Participants were women with hypothyroidism. Chronotype was determined from the Munich ChronoType Questionnaire. The χ2 test was used to compare differences in clinical characteristics and sleep patterns in early and intermediate/late chronotypes. The t test was used to compare differences between means. Results: We evaluated 99 patients (mean [SD], 56 [7] years): calculated chronotype revealed: 56% early, 38% intermediate and 6% late. Analysis with the χ2 test showed significant differences between early and intermediate/late calculated chronotypes for sleep latency (P = 0.01), light exposure (P = 0.009), and no alcohol intake (P = 0.001). t test showed the following differences in mean (SD) between chronotypes: sleep duration, 7.30 (1.39) hours (early chronotype) and 7.04 (2.06) hours (intermediate/late); body mass index (BMI), 29.4 (7.3) (early) and 31.1 (6.8) (intermediate/late); and TSH level, 2.89 (3.69) mIU/L (early) and 1.69 (1.41) mIU/L (intermediate/late). Early chronotypes were frequent in women with hypothyroidism. Light exposure and BMI may influence chronotypes in patients with hypothyroidism; findings are consistent with healthier behaviors in patients who tend toward morningness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number52
JournalBMC Research Notes
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chronotypes
  • Circadian rhythm
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Sleep–wake phase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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