Previous learning experience, strategy beliefs, and task definition in self-regulated foreign language learning

Batya E. Elbaum, Cynthia A. Berg, David H. Dodd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigated relationships among individuals′ foreign language learning experiences, their beliefs about the effectiveness of different language learning strategies, and their definition of the learning task. Participants were 194 college students. The study distinguished between functional learning strategies, involving communicative use of the foreign language, and formal learning strategies, involving conscious study of the language. Individuals with experience in a foreign language community or immersion program placed greater emphasis on functional strategies and defined the task as being less dependent on grammar than individuals with traditional instruction only. Strategy beliefs were also related to individuals′ definition of the learning task, such that individuals who defined the task as involving more procedural knowledge (e.g., knowledge of communication strategies) emphasized functional learning strategies, while individuals who defined the task as involving more declarative knowledge (e.g., knowledge of grammar) emphasized formal learning strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)318-336
Number of pages19
JournalContemporary Educational Psychology
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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